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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44951

The Effect of Environmental Variation on Feed Consumption and Some Physiological Parameters of Arabi Sheep and Local goats

Ola M. Karam, WaleedY. Kassim

Abstract

The experiment was conducted in the animal field of the College of Agriculture - University of Basra between 1 October to 29 December 2021, to investigate the effect of environmental variation on growth, food and water consumption and some biochemical parameters of Arabi sheep and local goats. A total of twelve animals (6 lambs and 6 kids) aged between 7 and 8 months and weighed (20.85, 20.30) kg respectively, were divided into two groups (each type in one group). The results showed a significant (P<0.05) increase in body weight, daily and total weight gain, food consumption, total protein, albumin and cholesterol concentration, but there was a significant (P<0.05) decrease in water consumption and glucose concentration in sheep compared to goats. Body weight increased significantly (P<0.05) when the temperature decreased to below 36.42 Co , while the greatest daily weight gain was recorded at the temperature of 19.56 Co . Globulin levels decreased significantly (P<0.05) at high temperatures (36.42 Co). The concentration of cholesterol and glucose gradually increased when the temperature decreased from 36.42 Co to 12.33 Co

Keywords

Temperature, humidity, sheep, goats, growth,Physiological trails

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