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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44447

First Cesarean Section Indications, Maternal and Fetal Outcomes in Erbil City Maternity Teaching Hospital in 2021

Tazreen Mohammadamin Qader1*, Zainab Muhsin Zwain2


Objectives: An epidemiological study of cesarean section indications and maternal and fetal outcomes can help health policymakers address the high prevalence of this surgery as a threat to public health. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the indications for the first cesarean section and its maternal and fetal outcomes. Methodology: This study is a cross-sectional study that was conducted for 6 months in 2021, in Erbil educational maternity hospital. The sampling method of this study was the convenience method. This study assesses the indications for first CS and identifies complications to maternal and fetal. The study population was all pregnant women who were candidates for CS for the first time. Result: The main indications for the first CS were fetal distress (29.1%) and mal-presentation (23%). The most common maternal complications were the need for blood transfusion (8.8%) and the most common neonatal complication was low APGAR score (21.8%). The results showed that the age group, gravidity and Indication for Cesarean section there is a significant difference between two groups of mothers with and without complications. Age group, sex of neonatal and blood group is a significant difference between two groups of neonatal with and without complications. Conclusion: According to this study, maternal and neonatal complications in natural childbirth are less than CS, it is recommended that CS be considered only if there is a medical indication that the mother or baby's life is in danger.


Cesarean Section, Indications, Maternal Outcomes, Fetal Outcomes.

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