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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 7 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.7.NQ33009

INTEGRATION OF PLANT-HUSBANDRY IN USAHATANI TO INCREASE THE CONSUMPTION ABILITY OF FARMERS' HOUSEHOLDS IN INDONESIA

Sulistyo Sidik Purnomo

Abstract

Background and Objective: In line with the efforts to meet national and international food needs so far, it requires innovations in food production, especially for small scale farming. Various countries have their respective policies in an effort to meet these food needs. The objectives of the research were to find the right types of commodities for farmers to produce so that they can increase the financial capacity of their households. Materials and Methods: This research studied 400 farmers in West Java Province through the 2012 Beneficiery Impact Assessment (BIA) project. The hypothesis is that the integration of several commodities into one farm production process can maximize farmers' income. Results: The increase in farmer income has a positive correlation with the increase in the ability of financial expenditure for consumption needs by farmer households. As many as 56.5% of farmers practice the integration of several commodities in their farming, while 43.5% of farmers do not practised (only rice production). The combination of rice business with poultry achieved the highest income per year (IDR 36,599,813) when compared to rice business alone (IDR 25,283,368) and integration of paddy-sheep commodity (IDR 20,598,195). Conclussion: Socialization of these findings needs to be done through extension services and other media to farmers so that they can adopt the farming system appropriately.

Keywords

ability, farming, farm production, increase farmer, paddy-sheep commodity

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