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Brain-Body-Mind in the Nebulous Cartesian System: A Holistic Approach by Oscillations

By Erol Başar

2011 | Springer (external site)
Copy Available: No

Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-4419-6134-1


Brain-Body-Mind in the Nebulous Cartesian System: A Holistic Approach by Oscillations is a research monograph, with didactical features, on the mechanisms of the mind, encompassing a wide spectrum of results and analyses. The book should appeal to scientists and graduate students in the fields of neuroscience, neurology, psychiatry, physiology, psychology, physics and philosophy. Its goals are the development of an empirical-analytical construct, denoted as “Reasonings to Approach the Mind”, and the comprehension of 20 principles for understanding the mind.

This book amalgamates results from work on the brain, vegetative system, brains in the evolution of species, the maturing brain, dynamic memory, emotional processes, and cognitive impairment in neuro-psychiatric disorders (Alzheimer, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders). The findings are comparatively evaluated within the framework of brain oscillations and neurotransmitters. Further, a holistic approach links the brain to the cardiovascular system and overall myogenic coordination of the vegetative system. The results emphasize that EEG oscillations, ultraslow oscillations, and neurotransmitters are quasi-invariant building blocks in brain-body-mind function and also during the evolution of species: The temporal domain is where the importance of research on neural oscillators is indispensable. The core, holistic concept that emerges is that the brain, spinal cord, overall myogenic system, brain-body-oscillations, and neurotransmitters form a functional syncytium. Accordingly, the concept of “Syncytium Brain-Body-Mind” replaces the concept of “Mind”.

About the Author:
Erol Başar, currently Professor of Physiology and Biophysics at The Kultur University Istanbul, is a pioneer in the field of Brain Dynamics and Oscillations. He has published seven monographs, edited 10 books, and authored or co-authored 250 papers in neuroscience and cardiovascular research. Başar’s monograph, EEG-Brain Dynamics (1980) introduced the functional importance of brain oscillations and the quantum concept; it is considered a milestone in neuroscience literature. The author was educated in high-energy physics and in physiology at the Universities of Munich, Hamburg and Hanover. He taught physiology at the Medical University, Lübeck between 1980 and 2000. He was also involved in research and teaching in New York, San Diego, Ankara and Izmir. Başar’s route to multidisciplinary research was directly influenced, during the 1960s, by the advice of Werner Heisenberg and the renowned natural philosopher, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. The Darwinian view discussed by Başar is the result of a longstanding collaboration with Theodore Holmes Bullock, in California.

“…reflects the new cognitive neuroscience.” -- Joaquín Fuster, UCLA

“…a remarkable synthesis of [the author’s] life-long accomplishments in elucidating brain dynamics. … I am pleased and proud to have it on my shelf with my small library of profound works on the mind-brain concept.” -- Walter Freeman, University of California, Berkeley

“… represents indeed a holistic approach by oscillations … [integrating] in a multidisciplinary way knowledge and insights from a wide range of sciences and philosophy.” -- Fernando Lopes da Silva, University of Amsterdam

“[A] very interesting and important book. … highlights that current knowledge about brain oscillations is as yet incomplete and thus will remain a subject of considerable scientific research. This book is an appropriate reference tool, not only for experienced researchers, but also for young neuroscientists and students.” – Andrew and Alexander Fingelkurts, Brain and Mind Technologies Research Centre

“Chapter by chapter, Erol Basar develops the new idea that the brain oscillations reflect, and are the key to understand, the complex homeostatic interactions between brain and body visceral organs in the formation of the mind as the term capturing the representation of the reality and the related cognitive and affective processes. .. The finale of the story has not yet written, but readers can be sure that this book will inspire generations of neuroscientists. Furthermore, it will renew the scientific debate about the fascinating mystery of the relationships among human mind, body, and its omnipresent oscillatory activity. -- Claudio Babiloni, Università degli Studi di Foggia


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