DOI: 10.14704/nq.2016.14.1.855

A Short Introduction To System Theory: Indispensible Postulate Systems and Basic Structures of the Systems in Quantum Physics, Biology And Neuroscience

Umit Sayin


Constructing a System Theory (ST) is a method to establish a logical, mathematical, self-consistent, self-existing, coherent model to explain the interactions of the elements, functions and development of a closed or open system. System Theory (ST) is very important to define, organize, evaluate, control, regulate the systems and form mathematical models in a set of elements of that particular system. General Systems Theory (GST) is a name which has been adopted to describe a level of theoretical model-building which lies somewhere between the highly generalized constructions of pure mathematics & logic and the specific theories of the specialized disciplines. An ST can be universal, perfect, imperfect or defective; while the defective STs cannot survive. GST is a series of related definitions, assumptions, and postulates about all levels of systems from atomic particles through atoms, molecules, crystals, viruses, cells, organs, individuals, small groups, companies, societies, planets, solar systems, and galaxies. General Behavior ST is a subcategory of such a theory, dealing with living systems, extending roughly from viruses through societies. A significant fact about living things is that they are open systems, with important inputs and outputs. Laws which apply to them differ from those applying to relatively closed systems.


System Theory; General System Theory; Neuroscience; Brain; Open System; Closed System; Scientific Model; Social System Model

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


Bertalanffy von L. General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, 1969.

Bruce D. Fifty Years Since Lashley's In Search of the Engram. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 2001; 10 (3): 308-318.

Cohen N. Fractal Antenna Applications in Wireless Telecommunications. IEEE Electronics Industries Forum of New England, 1997; pp:43-49.

Cohen N. Fractal Antenna White Paper. Fractal Antenna Systems, Inc., 1999.

Euclid (Euclides), Elements, Volumes 1-13, B.C.

Dreifus C. A Quest to Understand How Memory Works, New York Times, March 5, 2012.

Gianvittorio JP. Fractal antennas: a novel antenna miniaturization technique, and applicationsAntennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE, 2002; 44( 1 ): 20-36.

Gleick J. Chaos: Making a New Science. London: Penguin Books, 1987.

Hall N. Exploring Chaos. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1991.

Hebb DO. The Organization of Behavior. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1949.

Hintersteiner J D, Tate D. Command and Control in Axiomatic Design Theory: Its Role and Placement in the System Architecture. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Engineering Design and Automation, Maui, HI. August 9-12, 1998.

Kandel E, Schwartz JH, Jessell TM, Siegelbaum SA, A. J. Hudspeth. Principles of Neural Science, Fifth Edition, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2012.

Luhmann N. Systems Theory. Malden, Trans. By Petern Gilgen. MA: Polity Press, 2013.

Mandelbrot B. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1982.

Mandelbrot B. Fractals and Chaos: The Mandelbrot Set and Beyond. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2004.

Miller JG. General behavior systems theory and summary. In: Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1956; . 3 (2) 120-124.

Mondal A. Miniaturized and Dual Band Hybrid Koch Dipole Fractal Antenna Design. International Journal of Computer Communication and Information System ( IJCCIS), 2010; 2(1): 23-27.

Peak D, Frame M. Chaos Under Control: The Art and Science of Complexity. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 1994.

Ramirez S, Liu X, Lin P, Suh J, Pignatelli M, Redondo RL, Ryan T J, Tonegawa S. Creating a False Memory in the Hippocampus. Science, 26 July 2013; 341(6144): 387-391. DOI: 10.1126/science.1239073

Sayin HU, The Consumption of Psychoactive Plants During Religious Rituals: The Roots of Common Symbols and Figures in Religions and Myths, (Research and Review) Neuroquantology, 2014; 12 (2): 276-296. (a)

Sayin HU, Does the Nervous System Have an Intrinsic Archaic Language? Entoptic Images and Phosphenes (Research and Review). Neuroquantology , 2014; 12 (3): (in press). (b)

Suh NP. The Principles of Design, Oxford University Press, 1990.

Suh NP. Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications, Oxford University Press, 2001.

Suh NP. Complexity: Theory and Applications, Oxford University Press, 2005.

You tube: Powers of TEN

Wikipedia, on various topics.

Supporting Agencies

İstanbul University (BAP, Bilimsel Araştırma ve Proje Birimi)

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019