DOI: 10.14704/nq.2019.17.6.2428

Subjective Universe

Daegene Song


Ever since the deeply intuitive Bell inequalities argument and its subsequent experimental verification were presented, non-locality has been at the heart of quantum theory and clearly departs from its classical counterpart. On the other hand, a puzzling aspect of quantum entanglement is that it shows faster-than-light signaling between Alice and Bob to be impossible. In this paper, we argue that the compatibility between special relativity and quantum theory supports the acceptance of subjective reality over objective reality. Indeed, subjective reality derived from entanglement theory is consistent with a model of interwoven matter and mind relating to the non-computability of self-referential consciousness. This paper provides a relevant philosophical discussion of the preceding themes.


reality, subjectivity, non-locality, entanglement

Full Text:



Aspect A, Dalibard J, Roger G. Experimental test of Bell's inequalities using time-varying analyzers. Phys Rev Lett 1982; 49: 1804-1807.

Bell JS. On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox. Phys 1964; 1: 195-200.

Bruss D, D'Ariano GM, Macchiavello D and Sacchi MF. Approximate quantum cloning and the impossibility of superluminal information transfer. Phys Rev A 2000; 62: 062302.

Bužek V and Hillery M. Quantum copying: Beyond the no-cloning theorem. Phys Rev A 1996; 54: 1844-1852.

Deutsch D and Hayden P. Information flow in entangled quantum systems. Proc R Soc Lond A 2000; 456: 1759-1774.

Duan LM and Guo GC. Probabilistic cloning and identification of linearly independent quantum states. Phys Rev Lett 1998; 80: 4999-5002

Einstein A, Podolsky B, Rosen N. Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Phys Rev 1935; 47: 777-780.

Farmelo G. Random acts of science. The New York Times (June 11, 2010).

Ghirardi G, Rimini A and Weber T. A general argument against superluminal transmission through the quantum mechanical measurement process. Lettere al Nuovo Cimento 1980; 27: 293-298.

Gisin N. Stochastic quantum dynamics and relativity. Helvetica Physica Acta 1989; 62: 363-371.

Gisin N. Quantum cloning without signaling. Phys Lett A 1998; 242: 1-3.

Hardy L and Song D. No signalling and probabilistic quantum cloning. Phys Lett 1999; 259: 331-333.

Heisenberg W. Natural law and the structure of matter. Warm Wind Books, 1981.

Katz N, Neeley M, Ansmann M, Bialczak RC, Hofheinz M, Lucero E, O’Connell A, Wang H, Cleland AN, Martinis JM, Korotkov AN. Reversal of the weak measurement of a quantum state in a superconducting phase qubit. Physical review letters. 2008;101(20): 200401.

Korotkov AN and Jordan AN. Undoing a weak quantum measurement of a solid-state qubit. Phys Rev Lett 2006; 97: 166805.

Petersen A. The philosophy of Niels Bohr. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 19; 1963: 7.

Planck M. Where is science going? New York: AMS Press, 1932.

Scherer H and Busch P. Problems of signal transmission via quantum correlations and Einstein incompleteness in quantum mechanics. Phys Rev A 1993; 47: 1647-1651.

Song D. Non-computability of consciousness. NeuroQuant 2007; 5: 382-391.

Song D. Einstein's moon. Phys Usp 2012; 55: 942-943.

Song D. Decision-making process and information. NeuroQuant 2017; 15(4): 31-36.

Song D. Universal grammar and consciousness. NeuroQuant 2019; 17: 107-111.

Wootters WK and Zurek WH. A single state quantum cannot be cloned. Nature 1982; 299: 802-803.

Supporting Agencies

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019