DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.7.1687

The Boy Who Grew a New Brain: Understanding this Miracle from a Neuro-Quantum Perspective

Contzen Pereira

Abstract


In this paper, we present a case of a boy – Noah Wall, who till today surprises the world of neuroscience with his will to grow his brain and survive. The case presented in this study sets a stepping stone in understanding the advent of the will to make a choice, from a neuro-quantum mechanics interpretation. We propose that besides our internal states of choices (neurogenesis, neuroplasticity, cell differentiation, etc.) we also relate with external states of choices (love, compassion, empathy, emotions, etc.) that contributes to its emergence. Quantum uncertainty seems to support the existence of a fundamental property based on which the universe functions; which means that even the nothing of free space has a small chance of containing something. Outcomes are not determined by prior or random events but by consciousness that gives rise to these outcomes. This provides us a lead into understanding the existence of the will and the origin of choice when we look deeper into the realms of the implausible interpretations of quantum mechanics. Free will is the ability for the mind to choose between possible outcomes. Willful power is therefore not only a psychological intervention but also a biological and quantum intervention, where we have the capacity to make choices about what direction we will take, making a change to the systematic functioning of our body.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Askenasy JJ, Lehmann J. Consciousness, brain, neuroplasticity. Frontiers in Psychology 2013; 4: 412.

Baars BJ, Gage NM. Cognition, brain, and consciousness: Introduction to cognitive neuroscience. Academic Press, 2010.

Baker KS, Mattingley JB, Chambers CD, Cunnington R. Attention and the readiness for action. Neuropsychologia 2011; 49(12): 3303-13.

Baumeister RF, Masicampo EJ, Vohs KD. Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?. Annual Review of Psychology 2011; 62: 331-61.

Bender M, Constance G, Williams J, Harris B. Wadebridge Memory Bank: a psychoeducation group. Journal of Dementia Care 2005; 13(1): 28-30.

Beresford B, Sloper P. Understanding the dynamics of decision-making and choice: A scoping study of key psychological theories to inform the design and analysis of the Panel Study. York: Social Policy Research Unit, University of York, 2008.

Brown HR. The reality of the wavefunction: old arguments and new. http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/12978/1/San-Sebastian%202.pdf. Accessed date: April 22, 2018.

Brown JK, Ingram TT, Seshia SS. Patterns of decerebration in infants and children: defects in homeostasis and sequelae. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 1973; 36(3): 431-44.

Carl R. Client-Centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. London: Constable. ISBN 1-84119-840-4. 1951.

Chalmers DJ. Consciousness and its place in nature. In Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Chriki LS, Bullain SS, Stern TA. The recognition and management of psychological reactions to stroke: A case discussion. Prim Care Companion Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2006; 8(4): 234–40.

Clare L, Nelis SM, Martyr A, Roberts J, Whitaker CJ, Markova IS, Roth I, Woods RT, Morris RG. The influence of psychological, social and contextual factors on the expression and measurement of awareness in early‐stage dementia: Testing a biopsychosocial model. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2012; 27(2): 167-77.

Crick F, Koch C. Consciousness and neuroscience. Cerebral Cortex 1998; 8(2): 97–107.

Coutlee CG, Huettel SA. The Functional Neuroanatomy of Decision Making: Prefrontal Control of Thought and Action. Brain Research 2012; 1428: 3–12.

David T, Goouch K, Powell S, Abbott L. Birth to three matters: A review of the literature. London: DfES, 2003.

de la Mare B. The experience of stroke and the life of the Spirit. Medical Humanities 2005; 31(2): 105-08.

Deecke L. There Are Conscious and Unconscious Agendas in the Brain and Both Are Important—Our Will Can Be Conscious as Well as Unconscious. Brain Science 2012; 2(3): 405–20.

Dehaene S, Naccache L. Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: basic evidence and a workspace framework. Cognition 2001; 79(1-2): 1-37.

Dehaene-Lambertz G, Spelke ES. The infancy of the human brain. Neuron 2015; 88(1): 93-109.

Deng W, Aimone JB, Gage FH. New neurons and new memories: How does adult hippocampal neurogenesis affect learning and memory? Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2010; 11(5): 339-50.

Desmurget M. Searching for the neural correlates of conscious intention. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2013; 25(6): 830-33.

Domenech P and Koechlin E. Executive control and decision-making in the prefrontal cortex. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 2015; (1): 101-06.

Dubuc B. The Brain from top to bottom. Canadian Institute of Health Research/ Canadian Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction. 2009. https://www.babycentre.co.uk/a6621/your-babys-brain-the-brain stem#ixzz5FvVDp9lV. Accessed date: April 23, 2018.

Ebner-Eschenbach MV. Aphorisms. Ariadne Press (CA), 1994.

Farisco M, Kotaleski JH, Evers K. Large-scale brain simulation and disorders of consciousness. Mapping Technical and Conceptual Issues. Frontiers in Psychology 2018; 9: 585.

Finkelstein DH. On the distinction between conscious and unconscious mind. American Philosophical Quarterly 1999; 36 (2): 79 – 99.

Gage FH, Van Praag H. Neurogenisis in adult brain. Neuropsychopharmacology: The Fifth Generation of Progress. Edited by Kenneth L. Davis, Dennis Charney, Joseph T. Coyle, and Charles Nemeroff. American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. LWW; 5th ed. edition.

Gallacher KI, May CR, Langhorne P, Mair FS. A conceptual model of treatment burden and patient capacity in stroke. BMC Family Practice 2018; 19(1): 9.

Garland E, Froeliger B, Howard M. Mindfulness training targets neurocognitive mechanisms of addiction at the attention-appraisal-emotion interface. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2014; 4: 173.

Garland EL, Howard MO. Mindfulness-based treatment of addiction: current state of the field and envisioning the next wave of research. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018; 13(1): 14.

Gasnier M, Pelissolo A, Bondolfi G, Pelissolo S, Tomba M, Mallet L, N'diaye K. Mindfulness-based interventions in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Mechanisms of action and presentation of a pilot study. Encephale 2017; 43(6): 594-99.

Glasser W. The choice theory: A new psychology of personal freedom (Kim, IJ & Woo, AR Trans). Seoul: Korea Counseling Center, 1998.

Goodwin GM, Holmes EA, Andersson E, Browning M, Jones A, Lass-Hennemann J, NTMånsson K, Moessnang C, Salemink E, Sanchez A, Zutphen L, Visser RM. From neuroscience to evidence based psychological treatments – The promise and the challenge, ECNP March 2016, Nice, France. European Neuropsychopharmacology 2018; 28 (2): 317-33.

Gopnik A. 2010. How babies think. Scientific American 2010; 76–80. alisongopnik.com/Papers_Alison/sciam-Gopnik.pdf. Accessed date: May 10, 2018.

Hagan S, Hameroff SR, Tuszyński JA. Quantum computation in brain microtubules: Decoherence and biological feasibility. Physical Review E 2002; 65(6): 061901.

Hameroff S. Consciousness, the brain, and spacetime geometry. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2001; 929(1): 74-104.

Hameroff S. How quantum brain biology can rescue conscious free will. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 2012; 6: 93.

Hameroff S, Penrose R. Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’theory. Physics of Life Reviews 2014; 11(1): 39-78.

Heisenberg W. Über den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik. Zeitschrift für Physik 1927; 43 (3–4): 172–98.

Hohmann M, Weikart DP. Educating young children: Active learning practices for preschool and child care programs from educating young children, a curriculum guide from High/Scope Educational Research Foundation USA, 1995: 13-41.

Holton R. The act of choice. Philosophers Imprint 2006; 6 (3). www.philosophersimprint.org/006003/. Accessed date: April 10, 2018.

HugsForNoah BBC World Service Interview. 2016. https://audioboom.com/posts/5194167-hugsfornoah-bbc-world-service-interview?t=0. Accessed date: May 3, 2018.

Hugs for Noah: https://www.hugsfornoah.co.uk/. Accessed date: May 10, 2018.

Ietswaart M, Johnston M, Dijkerman HC, Joice S, Scott CL, MacWalter RS, Hamilton SJC. Mental practice with motor imagery in stroke recovery: randomized controlled trial of efficacy. Brain 2011; 134(5): 1373–86.

Jhaveri DJ, Tedoldi A, Hunt S, Sullivan R, Watts NR, Power JM, Bartlett PF, Sah P. Evidence for newly generated interneurons in the basolateral amygdala of adult mice. Molecular Psychiatry 2018; 23(3): 521-32.

Jibu M, Yasue K. What is mind?- Quantum field theory of evanescent photons in brain as quantum theory of consciousness. INF 1997; 21(3): 471-90.

Klemm WR. Free will debates: Simple experiments are not so simple. Advances in Cognitive Psychology 2010; 6: 47–65.

Koch C, Hepp K. Quantum mechanics in the brain. Nature 2006; 440 (7084): 611.

Koch C, Massimini M, Boly M, Tononi G. Neural correlates of consciousness: progress and problems. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2016; 17(5): 307–21.

Kornhuber HH, Deecke L. The will and its brain – an appraisal of reasoned free will. Lanham: University Press of America, 2012.

Kouider S, Stahlhut C, Gelskov SV, Barbosa LS, Dutat M, de Gardelle V, Christophe A, Dehaene S, Dehaene-Lambertz G. A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science 2013; 340(6130): 376-80.

Külz AK, Landmann S, Cludius B, Hottenrott B, Rose N, Heidenreich T, Hertenstein E, Voderholzer U, Moritz S. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder: protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry 2014; 14: 314.

Kurthen M, Grunwald T, Elger CE. Will there be a neuroscientific theory of consciousness? Trends in Cognitive Science 1998; 2(6): 229-34.

Lagercrantz H, Changeux JP. The emergence of human consciousness: from fetal to neonatal life. Pediatric Research 2009; 65(3): 255-60.

Langhammer B. Physiotherapy after stroke - a lifetime endeavour. Dissertation Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway, 2007.

Lattari E, Arias-Carrión O, Monteiro-Junior RS, Portugal EM, Paes F, Menéndez-González M, Silva AC, Nardi AE, Machado S. Implications of movement-related cortical potential for understanding neural adaptations in muscle strength tasks. International Archives of Medicine 2014; 7(1): 9.

Lavazza A. Free will and neuroscience: From explaining freedom away to new ways of operationalizing and measuring ıt. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2016; 10: 262.

León G, Landau SJ, Piccirilli MP. Quantum collapse as a source of the seeds of cosmic structure during the radiation era. Physical Review D 2014; 90(8): 083525.

Libet B. Do we have free will?. Journal of Consciousness Studies 1999; 6 (8–9): 47–57.

Libet B. Unconscious cerebral initiative and the role of conscious will in voluntary action. Behavioral and brain sciences 1985; 8(4): 529-39.

Lichtenberg GC. Aphorisms. Notebook J, 1789: 249.

Maslow AH. A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review 1943; 50 (4): 370–96.

Mason JO, Price DJ. Building brains in a dish: prospects for growing cerebral organoids from stem cells. Neuroscience 2016; 334: 105-18.

Morris SG. The impact of neuroscience on the free will debate. Florida Philosophical Review 2009; 9(2): 56-78.

Morse AM, Garner DR. Traumatic brain injury, sleep disorders, and psychiatric disorders: an underrecognized relationship. Medical Sciences 2018; 6(1): 15.

Multi-Society Task Force on PVS. Medical aspects of the persistent vegetative state – first of two parts. New England Journal of Medicine 1994; 330(21): 1499-508.

Newland T. Mind is a Myth: Disquieting conversations with the man called U.G. Dinesh Publications, 1998.

Nudo RJ. Recovery after brain injury: mechanisms and principles. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2013; 7: 887.

Oates J, Karmiloff-Smith A, Johnson MH. Developing brains. Child and Youth Studies Group, The Open University, UK, 2012.

Okon E, Sebastián MA. A Consciousness-based quantum objective collapse model. 2018. http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/14299/1/ConCSL16.pdf. Accessed date: April 23, 2018.

Panagiotaropoulos TI, Deco G, Vishal Kapoor V, Logothetis NK. Neuronal discharges and gamma oscillations explicitly reflect visual consciousness in the lateral prefrontal cortex. Neuron 2012; 74 (5): 924-35.

Paraoanu GS. The quantum vacuum. 2014. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.1087.pdf. Accessed date: April 23, 2018.

Pascual-Leone A, Amedi A, Fregni F, Merabet LB. "The plastic human brain cortex". Annual Review of Neuroscience 2005; 28: 377–401.

Penrose R. Edge Conversation Chapter 14: Consciousness Involves Noncomputable Ingredients 1996. https://www.edge.org/conversation/roger_penrose-chapter-14-consciousness-involves-noncomputable-ingredients. Accessed date: April 11, 2018.

Penrose R. The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Penrose R, Hameroff S. Consciousness in the universe: Neuroscience, quantum space-time geometry and orch or theory. Journal of Cosmology 2011: 14. http://www.neurohumanitiestudies.eu/archivio/penrose_consciousness.pdf. Accessed date: January 26, 2018.

Pereira C. Consciousness is Quantum Computed Beyond the Limits of the Brain: A Perspective Conceived from Cases Studied for Hydranencephaly. NeuroQuantology 2016; 14 (3): 613-18.

Pereira C, Reddy JSK. The manifestation of consciousness: beyond & within from fundamental to ubiquity. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 2017; 8 (1):51-55.

Pereira C and Reddy JSK. Science, subjectivity & reality. Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 2016; 7(4): 333-36.

Peters MA, Kentridge RW, Phillips I, Block N. Does unconscious perception really exist? Continuing the ASSC20 debate. Neuroscience of Consciousness 2017; 3(1).

Popovich JM, Fox PG, Bandagi R. Coping with stroke: Psychological and social dimensions in U.S. patients. The International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing Research 2007; 12(3): 1474 – 87.

Reddy JSK, Pereira C. An Essay on ‘Fracto-Resonant’ Nature of Life. NeuroQuantology 2016; 14(4): 764-69.

Rochat P. Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life. Consciousness and Cognition 2003; 12: 717–731.

Royal College of Physicians Working Group. The permanent vegetative state. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London 1996; 30: 119-21.

Samuel R. Cognitive rehabilitation for reversible and progressive brain injury. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 2008; 50(4): 282–84.

Schiff ND. Recovery of consciousness after brain injury: A mesocircuit hypothesis. Trends in Neuroscience 2010; 33(1): 1–9.

Schrödinger E. What is life?: With mind and matter and autobiographical sketches (Canto Classics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Schrödinger E. Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik. Naturwissenschaften 1935; 23 (48): 807–12.

Schwartz JM, Stapp HP, Beauregard M. Quantum physics in neuroscience and psychology: a neurophysical model of mind–brain interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B Biological Sciences 2005; 360(1458): 1309–27.

Shellybobbins: https://www.youtube.com/user/TheShellybobbins. Accessed date: May 10, 2018.

Shonkoff JP, Phillips DA. From neurons to neighborhoods : The science of early childhood development. National Academies Press USA, 2002.

Steiner R. The Child’s changing consciousness: As the basis of pedagogical practice. New York: Anthroposophic Press, 1996.

Smullyan R. Is God a taoist?. Reissue edition, Harper One Publisher, 1977.

Strle T. Does consciousness cause behaviour? Implications for moral responsibility. Inštitut Jožef Štefan 2014; 84 -89. http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/2539/. Accessed date: April 23, 2018.

Su YS, Veeravagu A, Grant G. Neuroplasticity after Traumatic Brain Injury. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury, Laskowitz D, Grant G, editors. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group, USA, 2016.

Tarlaci S. Why we need quantum physics for cognitive neuroscience. NeuroQuantology 2010; 8 (1): 66‐76.

Torregosa MB, Sada R, Perez I. Dealing with stroke: Perspectives from stroke survivors and stroke caregivers from an underserved Hispanic community. Nursing and Health Sciences 2018.

Tversky A, Kahneman D. The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice. Science 1981; 211 (4481): 453-58.

Uematsu A, Matsui M, Tanaka C, Takahashi T, Noguchi K, Suzuki M, Nishijo H. Developmental trajectories of amygdala and hippocampus from infancy to early adulthood in healthy individuals. PloS One 2012; 7(10): e46970.

Ullman MT. Contributions of memory circuits to language: The declarative/procedural model. Cognition 2004; 92: 231–70.

Van den Noort M, Lim S, Bosch P. On the need to unify neuroscience and physics. Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation 2016; 3: 271–73.

Van Heuveln B. Emergence and Consciousness: Explorations into the Philosophy of Mind via the Philosophy of Computation. Ph.D. Dissertation, Binghamton University. 2000. http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/vanheub/thesis.pdf. Accessed date: May 19, 2018.

Vimeo TV. https://vimeo.com/202356061. Accessed date: May 10, 2018.

Von Neumann J. Beyer RT. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Wigner E, Margenau H. Remarks on the mind body question, in symmetries and reflections, scientific essays. American Journal of Physics 1967; 35 (12): 1169–70.

Winkelman M. Alternative and traditional medicine approaches for substance abuse programs: A shamanic perspective. International Journal of Drug Policy 2001; 12: 337–51.

Zschorlich VR, Köhling R. How thoughts give rise to action - conscious motor ıntention ıncreases the excitability of target-specific motor circuits. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12): e83845.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018