DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1314

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Snyder's Theory-Based Group Hope Therapy to Improve Self-Efficacy of University Students in Finance

Manwen Tian, Shurong Yan, Ning Wang

Abstract


Self-efficacy as a motivating factor leads to increased academic performance and stress reduction. Therefore, training to improve academic self-efficacy can have a significant effect on students' academic achievement and progress of educational system. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the Snyder's theory-based group hope therapy on academic self-efficacy beliefs and hope in freshman students. In total, 45 freshman students were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups: intervention group and control group. Academic self-efficacy belief was measured with the Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, and hope was assessed with the Snyder Hope Scale (SHS). Measurements were assessed before intervention, end of intervention, and at a 2-month follow-up. The sample showed an academic self-efficacy beliefs score of 23.9% at baseline. Freshman students in the intervention group showed significant improvements in their academic self-efficacy beliefs and hope at end of intervention and follow-up, but no in the control group. Students with low self-efficacy benefitted from the intervention. The results of our intervention indicate a significant positive effect on academic self-efficacy beliefs and hope in freshman students, who benefitted from the Snyder's theory-based group hope therapy. Early self-efficacy detection is therefore crucial in the treatment and care of freshman students, and hope approaches can help to achieve academic achievement during the university period.

Keywords


Group Hope Therapy, Self-Efficacy, Snyder's Theory, University Students

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References


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