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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 14 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.4704/nq.2022.20.14.NQ88006

Use of restraints in patient care; knowledge and perception of nurses and nurse interns : A cross sectional study in south India.

Jyothi MD, Mounika N, Merin Baby OV, Dawa Choedon, Bency Elsa Babu,Priya Reshma Aranha

Abstract

Introduction : Restraints are the devices that limit the movements of patients. It prevents the fall and accidental injuries in the hospital setting. Restraints could be physical or chemical. The role of nurse is very important when a patient is on restraint. Nurses should be vigilant while selecting, applying the restraint and thereafter regarding respecting and maintaining dignity of the patient. Aim :To assess and compare the knowledge and perception of nurses and nurse interns towards restraints . Materials and methods : The study used a descriptive correlative research design. Ethical clearance was obtained from institutional ethics committee, permission obtained from concerned authority and informed consent was taken from the study participants. Using simple random sampling technique 100 (50 nurses and 50 nurse interns) study participants were selected. Data was collected using structured knowledge questionnaire and structured perception scale. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Majority (84%) of nurses belong to 20-25years of age, 92% were females, 56% of them studied General Nursing and Midwifery , 82% had1-3years of experience and most (20%) of them were working in the medical ward. Whereas all the interns were females, in the age group of 20-25years and majority (38%) of them were working in medical ward. Majority (52%) of nurses had average knowledge, whereas 50% of interns had good knowledge. There was a significant difference between the mean knowledge scores of nurses and interns (p<0.05). The majority of staff nurses (80%) and the interns (92%) had positive perception towards restraints. The study also found a positive correlation between knowledge and perception of nurses( r= 0.178) as well as interns (r=0.364) towards restraints . Conclusion: The study concluded that majority of nurses had average knowledge and nurse interns have good knowledge whereas both the groups had a positive perception towards restraints

Keywords

Restraints, Knowledge, Perception, Nurses, Nurse interns

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