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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 14 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.4704/nq.2022.20.14.NQ88003

Physical Activity Level and Body Mass Index Among University Students: A Correlative Study

Kariakdinliu Panmei, Neethu John, Nangsal Sangmo, Starmoona V Mathew, Shycil Mathew

Abstract

Context /Background: An increase in mortality rates is primarily caused by physical inactivity. In emerging nations, there is more physical inactivity among college or university students. The risk of getting non-communicable diseases rises with the dropin physical activity at this age. The goal of the study was to understand the level of physical activity among university students and determine whether there is any relationship between the level of physical activity and body mass index. This is because a gradual increase in sedentary lifestyle coupled with an increase in consumption of a modern hypercaloric diet has led to a substantial increase in the number of overweight or obese youth. Methods: A descriptive-correlative study was conducted among 292 undergraduate students in a selected health science university, Mangalore. The samples were selected by using disproportionate stratified sampling techniques. A standardized international physical activity questionnaire was used to determine the level of physical activity, and a BMI screening tool was used to measure the body mass index of students. Results: The majority of the subjects (34.9%) were in the age group of 22–23 years. Most of the subjects (65.8%) had not done any type of exercise, and the majority (52%) were walking. More than half (64.4%) of the subjects engaged in exercise for less than 20 minutes/per day. Most university students have a moderate level of PA. The majority 55.5% of university students have normal BMI status, and there is a moderate positive correlation that exists between physical activity and the BMI status of university students, at a p<0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: According to the results of the current study, the majority of students only engage in a moderate amount of physical activity. Students at universities should be encouraged to play sports in their spare time to raise their level of physical activity. Otherwise, you must schedule time for exercise every day while you are studying. By engaging in more physical exercise, one can improve their body and cardiorespiratory fitness. Conversely, low physical fitness in adolescence and sedentary behaviour during childhood and adolescence will have a negative impact on adult health outcomes.

Keywords

Physical activity, BMI, metabolic equivalent task, anthropometric measurement, nutritional status, malnutrition.

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