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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ22989

CHARACTERIZATION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF COW DUNG BASED FUELS FOR RURAL MASSES

Ajinkya Phatak,Dr. Anjaney PandeyProf. K. P. Mishra

Abstract

The energy derived from animal wastes, such as cow, donkey, and horse dung, provides an alternative source of energy to humanity. Anaerobic digestion of animal dung offers several benefits such as reduction of odors, pathogens, and production of renewable energy biogas. The aim of this work is to compare the amount of biogas produced from cow, horse, and donkey dung. This work used three 1 litre capacity plastic gallons as prototype biodigesters. The dung was collected and fed into the batch biogas digester. These biodigesters were operated and daily gas produced from the dung was observed for 37 days retention time. Gas production is measured by using the water displacement method. The digesters were fed with the same proportion of dung from each animal, and water. The experimental results show that 1 kg of cow dung can produce about 15 to 30 L of biogas per day. Hence, Cow dung is the best source of biogas production among horses, cows, and donkeys. The process of methane gas production, if extended to the commercial scale, would not only provide an alternative source of energy but would also be a means of environmental sanitation.

Keywords

Cow dung, Biogas, Energy management.

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