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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/NQ.2022.20.11.NQ66279

Response of three broad bean cultivars to adding of tow animal manure

Anaam Jali Ethbeab Al-hecheemi, Hamzah Mohsin Kadhim Al-khafaji

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the winter season 2021-2022 in the field experiments field of the College of Agriculture - Al-Qasim Green University to know the response of three cultivars of bean to the addition of two types of animal manure using a factorial experiment randomized complete block design (RCBD) and with three replicates, the first factor, three genotypes of the broad bean (local, Turkish and Spanish) The second factor is two types of animal manure at five levels (without adding and half recommendation animal, full animal recommendation, half poultry recommendation, and full poultry recommendation). The results showed that there were significant differences between the factors and their interactions under the 5% probability level for all the studied traits. The results showed that the genotypes varied in their traits. The local genotype achieved excelled and gave the highest average in most vegetative traits (such as chlorophyll content in leaves, plant height, number of branches and number of leaves).While the Spanish genotype excelled in 50% flowering trait, while the Turkish genotype was superior in leaf area, the results of the effect of the levels of the two organic fertilizers showed a significant effect if the entire addition of poultry manure excelled on the rest of the levels and led to a significant increase in the vegetative growth traits ( 50% flowering, chlorophyll content in leaves, plant height, number of leaves and leaf area, As for the interaction between genotypes with fertilizer additives, it had a significant effect, where the local genotype with the full recommendation for poultry manure was excelled in the traits of 50% flowering and plant height, while the local genotype with the full recommendation of animal manure was excelled in the trait of chlorophyll content in leaves. As for the Turkish genetic structure with the full recommendation for poultry, it was excelled in leaf area and harvest index, while half of the recommendation for poultry manure was excelled in the traits of the number of leaves. The Turkish genotype with the complete recommendation of animal manure also excelled in the trait of the number of branches, while there are no significant differences between the Spanish genotype with the full recommendation of poultry manure in the traits of vegetative growth. While the Spanish genotype with the full recommendation of animal manure excelled in its cultivar the number of days from cultivation to physiological maturity

Keywords

Beans (Vicia Faba L.), animal fertilizer, response

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