Home About Login Current Archives Announcements Editorial Board
Submit Now For Authors Call for Submissions Statistics Contact
Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66319

Effect of Cryotherapy Intervention on Pain among Hemodialysis Elderly Patients

Mohamed Ali Abdrabouh, EmanShokry Abd Allah, RaefaRefaatElsayedAlam, Rehab Adel Mohamed


Background:Pain associated with arteriovenous (AV) fistula needle insertion is considered a major challenge for more than 57% of patients treated with hemodialysis. Further, pain is considered one of the leading causes of hemodialysis noncompliance to a therapeutic regimen. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cryotherapy intervention on pain during arteriovenous fistula puncture among elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis. Research design: A quasi-experimental pretest-and-posttest design was utilized. Setting: The study was conducted at the hemodialysis unit at the internal medicine department of Zagazig University Hospital and the hemodialysis unit at Al Ahrar hospital affiliated to the Ministry of Health.


Cryotherapy intervention, Pain, Hemodialysis, Elderly.

Full Text