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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66317

Behavioural Movement and its impact on Modern Psychology

Mr. Komil Kumar, Dr. Shreya Chaudhary

Abstract

Psychology or Modern Psychology is known as the scientific study of human behaviour. Watson established ‘Behaviour’ as the only component of study for the measurement and analysis of human behaviour. In the later decades of the twentieth century, this notion becomes most dominating in psychology and entire psychological realm got focused on the study of behaviour. This movement lead by Watson is known as Behaviourism. Formal beginning of Behaviourism in psychology is known since 1913 at John Hopkins University.“The primary tenet of behaviourism is that psychology should concern itself with the observable behaviour of people and animals, not with unobservable events that take place in their minds.” (Charles Stangor and Jennifer Walinga 2014).Those days Psychologists were also being demanded to develop techniques for self-analysis. Watson state that there is no need for it because the behaviour of a person is not based on his inner and personal feelings, it is guided by his environment. After this formulation of Watson, behaviourism gained prominence in American psychology. Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner Clark Hull, Edward Thorndike and other Learning theorist provided a strong base to Behaviourism. With the inspiration and assumptions of these scholars, psychotherapistsdeveloped various therapeutic techniques This school remained more influential during its period (especially after 1920 AD),due to which it was recognized as the 'second force' in psychology.

Keywords

Behaviourism, Learning Theories

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