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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66271

Influence of Paternal Education and Occupation on the Nutrition State of Children in Upper Egypt

Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud Hany, Hala M. Sakhr and Rehab G. Hassan


Background and aims:Nutritional disorders in the pediatric age group are a critical health issue andit ranks among the world's major causes of morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. The current study's goal was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in a group of Egyptian pre-schoolers, to identify associated risk factors, and identify the effect of paternal education and occupation on this nutritional state. Subjects and methods:A cross-sectional study including 500 Egyptian children with age range from 6 months to 59 months. The mother/caregiver of the children was questionedand a structured questionnaire had been conducted among the studied children with complete clinical evaluation and assessment for association with malnutrition. Anthropometric measures were measured precisely. Result: The overall results revealed that 27% of the studied children had stunting, 10% were underweight, and 4 % had wasted. Females were statistically more affected by malnutrition than males. A significant increase in malnutrition state among children of non-skilled worker fathers and lower-educated levels mothers. A negative correlation was detected between weight and height of the studied group with the frequency of attacks of diarrhea and respiratory tract infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the significant predictors for occurrence of malnutrition were a younger age, female sex, and lower levels of maternal education. Conclusion: Lack of parental education, employed mothers, and father occupation are important risk factors among malnourished children.


Epidemiology, Malnutrition, Children.

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