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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66219

Study the Relation between Concentrations of Radium Isotope and Bone Mineral Density in Maysan and DhiQar Governorate.

Saleh NaimaMuhan, Prof. Dr. HadiDwech ZARZOOR AL-DUKHKHANI , Prof. Dr. Shafik S. Shafik


This study includes (117)osteoporosis patients and healthy controlsin DhiQar and Maysan provinces of Iraq, the total number of selected urine was samples (30). The HPGe detector calculated the specific activity of the radium isotope (226). Low bone density is defined by the World Health Organization as a z-score of 1 to -2.5; nevertheless, scores less than -2.5 are frequently diagnosed as osteoporosis. Results of bone density testing are reported using T-scores. A T-score compares your bone density to that of a healthy person. The Z score is calculated when bone density is compared to indicative values from healthy persons of the same age, sex, and ethnicity. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone scans determine the density of the bone. The urine samples were taken from one of the biggest centers in Maysan and Dhi- Qar Province in Iraq at Alzahrawi hospital and the Al- Rifai General Hospital from January 18 to March 10, 2022,Bone Density Unit. The Bone Mineral Density have been grouped into three normal, osteopenia, and osteoporosis group.Both minimum T-score and Z-score were (-5.4 ),(-3.4) . Results indicate the presence of radiumpollution in all urine samples for the threegroups. It was found that urine samples of the Dhi- Qararea were more polluted with radiation than those of other regions in Maysan Province. The specific activity in the normal group was less than in the osteoporosis group.


Radioactivity,Specific Activity, Bone, Osteoporosis.

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