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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66142

PSO Optimization based Dual F-Shaped Triple Band Patch Antenna with Dumbbell Comb Shaped DGS

P. Lal Babu, K.P.Vinay, P. Sri Lakshmi, R. Santhosh Chandra, M. Jithendra, Revanth Rahul

Abstract

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) has been introduced to the electromagnetic community recently it is used for design optimization of the patch antenna. A dual F-shaped patch antenna with dumbbell comb-shaped defected ground structure (DGS) is introduced in this paper to obtain triple band resonating frequency. The proposed DGS is incorporated in the ground plane under the patch antenna to improve its performance. In this paper, PSO has been used for the optimization of resonant frequency and the area of the patch of dual F- shaped microstrip antenna. The technique develops in this paper seems to be a generalized soft computing tool to calculate parameters of microstrip patch antenna such as patch length, patch width, and resonant frequency respectively. The performance characteristics of the antenna were simulated by using CST software.

Keywords

Defected Ground Structure (DGS), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), F-shaped, microstrip patch antenna.

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