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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66100

Classifications of Diabetes in pregnancy

Moatez Ali


Any degree of glucose intolerance that begins or is first noticed during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). GDM is usually occur due to advanced mother age, higher body mass index (BMI), type 2 diabetes in the family, and prior GDM. As well as, high parity, short stature, low birth weight, the thalassemia trait, polycystic ovarian condition, and previous delivery of a macrocosmic child, consuming a lot of saturated fat, Caesarean section, pregnancy-related high blood pressure, stillbirth, smoking, and many pregnancies. Macrosomia and the pathophysiological effects of foetal hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinism are the main causes of foetal problems, which may arise e.g. (birth injuries, hypoglycemia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, polycythemia and hyperbilirubinemia, infant respiratory distress, premature birth, and congenital deformities). GDM maternal complications include (Pre-eclampsia, Pre-term labor, Polyhydramnios, labour dystocia, traumatic vaginal delivery, caesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, and infections). Although GDM is worldwide issue, the exact pathophysiology of the condition is still unclear.


Diabetes; Pregnancy; Macrosomia; GDM; Complications

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