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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 11 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.11.NQ66093

Overview of Benign Thyroid Nodules and Management Using Radiofrequency Ablation

Hossam H. Farahat,Ihab M. Salem, Ayman A. M. Nsrallah,Sameh Saber, Mohamed G. Hamed

Abstract

Thyroid nodules occur commonly in the general population, mostly as incidental findings, with a prevalence of 19–68% at ultrasound evaluation, which is the first examination method used for neck imaging. Most thyroid nodules are benign and approximately 10% of patients who present with thyroid nodules are at risk of malignancy. Common thyroid nodules typically result in morbidity from either localized compression or hyperthyroidism.The main treatment of the disease is still the traditional surgical resection, however there are many problems such as general anesthesia, surgical scar, postoperative thyroid or parathyroid function abnormalities, and high nodules recurrence rate in residual gland.For nonsurgical therapy of symptomatic or expanding thyroid lesions, a number of US-guided, minimally invasive procedures (MIT) are currently available. Treatment options include either percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), which is most suited for often cystic lesions, or other methods depending on the fluid level of the nodule.There are several methods available now, including Radiofrequency Ablation (RF), for image-guided ablation of benign thyroid nodules. This study's goal is to assess how well RF ablation works for treating benign solitary thyroid nodules.Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review and management of benignthyroid nodules using radiofrequency ablation.

Keywords

Benign Thyroid Nodules;Management; Radiofrequency Ablation

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