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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44870

Assessment of tooth erosion among chemical factory workers in Gujarat, India

Dr. Rahul R. Patel, Dr. Sopan Singh, Dr. Hiren P. Patel, Dr. Rajesh M. Patel, Dr. NikunjKumar A. Patel, Dr. Nikunj H. Prajapati

Abstract

Context: The surface loss of dental hard tissues other than by caries, trauma or developmental aberration is termed tooth wear. Based on etiology dental erosion is termed extrinsic, intrinsic or idiopathic and according to the anamnesis (case history taking) the acids producing tooth destruction may be of exogenous, endogenous or unknown origin. Aims: To assess the tooth erosion among chemical factory workers in Gujarat, India. Methods and Material: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted amongchemical factory workers in Gujarat. 500 workers were randomly selected to examineErosion using Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) scoring system. Statistical analysis used: The collected data was tabulated using Excel and analysis was done using SPSS 17.0 version. Chi-square test was used to test the significance. Results: It was observed that the study subjects were in age group of 21 to 50 years (mean age = 31.75 ± 4.97 years) comprising of 455 (91.0%) males and 45 (9.0%) females. The prevalence of dental erosion among the study subjects was 18.6% (mean value = 0.61 ± 1.59).Working experience had significant relation with dental erosion (P = 0.000). Conclusions: It was concluded that length of working exposure had a strong association with dental erosion. Dental erosion was more severe in the upper anterior teeth than other teeth. A comprehensive care especially in subjects suffering with environmental dental erosion should be provided.

Keywords

Dental erosion, Basic Erosive Wear Examination, Acidic chemicals, Mouth mask

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