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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44800

Enhanced Network Stability and Energy Efficient Routing Protocol in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

Karthikeyan Sakthivel, Rajkumar Ganesan, Gayathri Devi T, Potnuru Jayasri

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are networks typically created of miniaturized autonomous entities known as Sensor Nodes (SNs) which will communicate with one another by radio links. They typically have restricted resources in terms of transmission power, processing and storage capability and energy. So as to scale back energy consumption, the techniques of clustering are used. It will improve measurability, lifelong. Energy-Efficient cluster rules need to be formulated for specific of heterogeneous WSN. During this planned work, a replacement energy-efficient cluster theme for heterogeneous wireless device networks is used that not solely minimizes the common energy consumption however additionally minimizes the residual energy and will increase the network life time and outturn(throughput). We take TDEEC protocol in comparison with the proposed design of ETDEEC which helps in minimizing the energy consumption of the nodes in network and maximize the network lifetime. In ETDEEC (Enhanced Threshold Distributed Energy Efficient Clustering), the threshold value has to be adjusted with respective to whether the node becomes CH or not which is in respect to optimal number of cluster heads and residual energy average and total energy ratio. Each node will carry over a remaining energy over the network which can be further used as reference to increase the lifetime. Each node with maximum energy elects itself as the cluster head, all the nodes send the data to CH which is further transferred to BS. Through this network stability and lifetime is improved.

Keywords

Heterogeneous Environment, Cluster Head, TDEEC, Clustering, Wireless Sensor Networks, Energy Consumption

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