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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44765

Women's Representation in General Elections Perspective Human Rights

Irma Dwi Fahriyani, I Gusti Ayu Rachmi Handayani

Abstract

The involvement of women in politics has become a crucial discussion on the development of political issues in the era of democracy. Women's rights need to be promoted for their existence because it is human rights. Woman representatives are regulated in Law No. 7 of 2017 concerning General Elections in Article 245 that requires women's political participation in the prospective candidates with a minimum number of 30% (thirty percent), and Article 246 Paragraph (2) confirms that for every 3 (three) candidates there is at least one woman. This research uses a normativedescriptive method which aims to analyze the phenomenon of Indonesian women representatives in parliament and associated with laws and regulations regarding women's political rights and interpretation based on legal norms and theories/concepts of gender equality until it results in an ideal and fair concept for Indonesian women in politics. The results indicated that the affirmation policy about the number of women's representation and the provisions for the serial number of candidates as regulated in the Election Law have not fulfilled the requirements or have not shown the principle of gender equality. The recommendation of this research is that the ideal number of women's representatives for fair candidates and those who agree with the principle of gender equality should be increased to 50% (fifty percent). Likewise, with the determination of the serial number in the list of prospective candidates, it should be regulated that for every 2 (two) candidates, there will be 1 (one) female candidate.

Keywords

Women representatives, Politics, General Election

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