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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44761

Relationship between Dermatoglyphics (finger print patterns) and breast cancer: A prospective, clinical study

Dr. Anisha Kumari, Dr. MeghaDoshi, Dr. M. P. Ambali

Abstract

Background Genetic basis of breast cancer (BC) is a well-established fact. During early development, fingerprint patterns (dermatoglyphics) also develop under genetic control and remains same throughout life. Consequently, these patterns could be used as anatomical marker (non-invasive) for BC risk. Objective To study any relationship that exist between BC and finger print (dermatoglyphics)patterns. Methodology Two hundred females, aged 26-60 years were divided into cases (100 patients with BC) and control (100 patients with no BC) groups in this clinical study. Dermatoglyphic procedure followed by qualitative [whorls, arches, loops (radial, ulnar, total); I1 to I5 pattern] and quantitative [triradial count, a-b ridge count, atd angle, absolute finger ridge count (AFRC), total finger ridge count (TFRC), ‘c’ line termination] analysis of finger print patterns was performed. Statistical analysis was performed by using R software (Version. 3.6.0). Results Increasing total value of whorls while decreasing ulnar loops was noted in cases than controls (P<0.001). More TFRC and AFRC were noted in cases than controls (P<0.001). A significant difference was noted in the distribution of ‘atd’ angles, ‘ab’ ridge count over the groups for left hand and for both hands (P < 0.05). The inter digital patterns (I2, I4) showed more frequency in right hand of cases than controls (P< 0.001). The‘c’ line termination towards ‘7’ was less in right and left hands of cases than controls (P< 0.001). A significant difference was noted in the triradii count in the right hand of cases and controls (P<0.001) with ‘5’ as the maximum triradii count. Conclusion Qualitative and quantitative analysis of dermatoglyphic patterns can be effectively used as an adjunct to the already existing screening tools for BC.

Keywords

Dermatoglyphics, Female, Fingers, Finger ridge count

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