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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44749

Assessment of Periodontal Status among Slums Residing In Bhopal City, Madhya Pradesh,India: A Cross Sectional Study

Dr. Poonam Tomar Rana, Dr.Kuldeep Singh Rana, Dr.Kratika Mishra, Dr.Parul Jain, Dr.Aarti Shethia

Abstract

Aims: The present cross-sectional study assesses the periodontal status of slums dwellers of Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh, India. Settings and Design: Cross-Sectional Study Methods and Material:The present study employed stratified cluster sampling technique which included most important subgroups of the population i.e. 5, 12, 35-44, and 65-74 age groups. For national pathfinder survey, WHO recommends 10-12 sampling sites (clusters) for both urban and rural areas. Since the present study was carried out in Bhopal city, 6 sampling sites (clusters of slums) was identified and selected proportionately representing the urban slums of Bhopal city. The WHO oral health assessment proforma, 1997 along with 6 item questionnaire was used for the periodontal health examination. Statistical analysis used: 1.Chi-Square ( 2 ) Test 2.Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 3.Spearman’s Correlation: Results:A total of 937 subjects were distributed into 4 groups out of which 49.1 % were males and 50.58% were females. The difference was not statistically significant (p=0.618). 17.6 % of the slum population had a gingivitis characterized by bleeding gums and 33.61% had periodontitis. A positive correlation was seen between the use of finger and periodontal disease. Conclusions: C Slum dwellers present with poor oral health due to use of indigenous oral hygiene practices. Oral health awareness was very feeble, attitude towards oral health is comparatively negative thus the dental treatments seeking among them were low and so were the dental care facilities. Thus there is a distinct need for strengthening organised preventive and curative, promotive programs of oral health promotion of slum populations.

Keywords

Oral Health Status,Periodontitis

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