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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44678

EFFICACY OF AN INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR CO-DEPENDENT FAMILY MEMBERS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED DRUG ADDICTS

María Elena Escuza Pasco, Tito Orlando Chunga Diaz

Abstract

The general objective of the present investigation entitled ''Efficacy of an intervention program for codependent family members of institutionalized drug addicts'' was to evaluate the efficacy of a multimodal intervention program on codependence in codependent patients, and family members of institutionalized drug addicts. This was an experimental study, the population was composed of family members (father, mother, brother/sister, son/daughter) of all current and former residents of the last 3 years of a Therapeutic Community; 47 non-codependent family members were selected by simple random sampling from the sample of family members of patients in treatment, as well as 311 subjects from the general population. To measure the different factors of the Codependence construct, an instrument designed by Perez and Delgado was used. The selection of the instrument's constituent scales is based on the literature reviewed and especially on the empirical findings of Hughes-Hammer and collaborators on the design and psychometric evaluation of the CODAT (Co-dependence Assessment Tool). The instrument measuring Codependence consists of 45 items in total which are divided into three subscales: Focus on the Other, Non-Coping and Over-Control. A descriptive written interrogation survey was also used: a questionnaire. The statistical analysis of the intervention group showed that the program was effective in the three dimensions: focus on the other, no coping and over control, since significant differences (p<0.05) were found between the pre- and post-test through the Wilcoxon test. In the control group, no significant differences were found for the dimension of focus on the other (p>0.05). However, in the no coping and over-control dimensions in this group (p values are less than the alpha value of 0.05), there were changes. However, in the intervention group, the changes were greater.

Keywords

codependency, program, intervention, drug dependence.

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