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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44640

Impact of Different Styles of Mantra Chanting on Healthy Individuals Based on Cognitive Task

BiswaBandita Kar, Bansidhar Mulia, Chandan Kumar Mohapatra, Pradyumna Kishore Behera, Sashikant Khuntia, Sanjay Kumar Panda, Sanjib Kumar Patra

Abstract

Background Mantra is a tool to develop attention and awarreness, improve emotion regulation and the capacity to cope with stress. Materials and Methods In the current study, "there were 35 participants including men and women in the age between 20 and 45 years. All of them were given orientation for chanting of ‘Mahamrityunjaya mantra (MM)’ for 10 days. There were six sessions including baseline and all the sessions were assessed based on the cognitive tools such as Six letter cancellation test (SLCT), Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) and Mindfulness Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS). All the participants were recorded for their Base line recording (BL) on day 1 following an orientation of ten days and a wash out period of seven days and the post recording in every seven days subsequently viz., Loud chanting (LC), Lips movement (LM), Silent chanting (SC), Audio listening (AL) and Silent sitting (SS). For the post assessment, recordings were done after 20 minutes of the intervention as each session lasted for 20 minutes". Results The Repeated measure ANOVA, Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed ranked tests were done to analyze the data. The Mindfulness following mantra recitation was significantly higher during loud chanting (LC) (p<0.05) compared to the silent chanting (SC) and the baseline. Also, the scores of digits backward (DB) was significantly higher in LC (p<0.01), LM (p<0.05), SC (p<0.001) and AL (p<0.01), compared to baseline. Conclusion Results of the current study suggested that the mindfulness prevails following the practice of LC and short-term memory following SC suggestive of more information processing in amygdale, hippocampus and pre central cortex.

Keywords

Mantra recitation, mindfulness, memory

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