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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44633

AN UPDATED ASSESSMENT OF THE PHOTOBIOLOGY AND PHOTOPROTECTION MECHANISMS OF SUNSCREENS, AS WELL AS THEIR REGULATORY FACTS.

Dr. Pranay Wal, Dr. JyotsanaDwivedi, Shreya Shukla, Ankita Wal, Himangi Vig

Abstract

Skincare, anti-aging, alluring products, and solar protection products are constant requests in the developing market. Most of the results of solar ultraviolet radiation on the epidermis are negative, and photoprotection techniques should be used to reduce them. Sunscreens shield the human epidermis from Ultraviolet illness by containing UV filters, which are active compounds that are either organic or inorganic and function in different ways. The majority of the detrimental effects of solar ultraviolet radiation on the epidermis should be avoided by using photoprotection measures. As sun photons strike the surfaces of the skin, they may be reflected, scattered, absorbed, or transmitted. The effects of photobiology range from local ones on the skin and eyes to systemic ones, most notably immunological reactions. To counteract or limit photodamaging impacts, individuals are frequently encouraged to apply sunscreen. It is common practice to combine several UV filters in a single composition since each UV filter has a unique absorbance spectrum, which can increase the protective range through additive or synergistic effects.The goal of this review article is to explore the photobiology mechanism of skin damage and also the photoprotection activity of the sunscreen and their regulatory aspects.The majority of the detrimental effects of solar ultraviolet radiation on the epidermis should be avoided by using photoprotection measures. As sun photons strike the surfaces of the skin, they may be reflected, scattered, absorbed, or transmitted. The effects of photobiology range from local ones on the skin and eyes to systemic ones, most notably immunological reactions.To counteract or limit photodamaging impacts, individuals are frequently encouraged to apply sunscreen. It is common practice to combine several UV filters in a single composition since each UV filter has a unique absorbance spectrum, which can increase the protective range through additive or synergistic effects.

Keywords

“Sunscreens”, “UV filters”, “Organic filters”, “Inorganic filters”, “Photobiology”, “Photoprotection”.

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