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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44622

“A pre-experimental study to assess the effect of Video Assisted Teaching on knowledge regarding Arterial Blood Gas Analysis and Interpretation among staff nurses working in selected hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India”.

Subin S

Abstract

Introduction: An Arterial blood gas analysis test measures the acidity (pH) & the levels of oxygen & carbon dioxide in the blood from an artery. This test is used to check how well our lungs are able to move oxygen into the blood & remove carbon dioxide from the blood. The collection of arterial blood by nurse is not only technically difficult, but can be painful and hazardous for the patient. Therefore, it is essential that individuals performing arterial puncture be familiar with the proper techniques, with the complications of the procedure, and with necessary precautions. Arterial blood is one of the specimens most sensitive to pre analytic effects. Improper patient assessment, test requisition, collection or transport of a specimen of arterial blood intended for pH, and blood gas analysis can alter the gas tensions, or pH, or both. In addition to pH/gases analysis, instruments are now available for the specific measurement of pH/gases and other critical care analysis on the same arterial whole-blood specimens. Therefore, scrupulous attention to the principles outlined in this standard is mandatory to eliminate a major potential source of erroneous laboratory results. This has traditionally been the role of the doctor, however by using an education and training package along with a competency-based assessment, nurses can now perform this extended role. Method: Quantitative Quasi experimental/Pre experimental research design was adopted for this study. The aim of the study is to assess the effect of Video Assisted Teaching on knowledge regarding Arterial Blood Gas Analysis and Interpretation among staff nurses working in selected hospital, Bhopal, M.P. A formal order was obtained from the Director, Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal to conduct the main study from 19/06/2014 till 30/06/2014. The investigator collected 40 samples that fulfilled the inclusive criteria. Data collection was done within the given period in Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal. The samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The investigator gave a brief introduction and explained the purpose of the study. Pre-test response was assessed and selected teaching module was administered and after 7 days post-test was done to assess the effectiveness of the selected teaching module. The variables were analysed using inferential and non-inferential statistical method. Results :Video Assisted Teaching on knowledge regarding Arterial Blood Gas Analysis and Interpretation has positive impact on the staff Nurses knowledge regarding ABG Analysis and interpretation .Also noticed an association between Pre test knowledge score selected demographic variable Conclusion : Video Assisted Teaching on knowledge regarding Arterial Blood Gas Analysis and Interpretation is effective module for improving the staff nurses Knowledge regarding ABG analysis and interpretation

Keywords

Video Assisted Teaching, Staff Nurse , ABG analysis , Acidosis, Alkalosis

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