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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44569

“A Cross-sectional Study on Anaemia in children with Congenital Heart disease”

Dr Ravi Kanth K, Dr Seelam Srinivasa Reddy, Dr P Raga Deepthi, Dr Syamala Gowri Sandhya

Abstract

Congenital heart defect (CHD) is the most common birth defects representing a major global health problem.In India the prevalence ranges between 3.9 and 26.4/1000 live births in hospital-based studies in India, which is not uniform across the country.All major congenital anomalies comprise of heart defects1 is Twenty-eight percent. Methods – 52 children are taken who are having CHD; detailed clinical examination and all the relevant laboratory investigations were done. The children are categorised according to their age, sex, associated diseases, RBC indices, peripheral smear, iron studies and other relevant investigations tailored as per requirement. Results - In this study on 52 children, 67.3% were in the age group 5-12 years whereas 32.7% belonged to age group 12mon-59mon.The male to female ratio was 1:0.9. 80.8% had ACHD; out of which VSD was the most common(36,5%).19.2% had CCHD,out of which TOF was the most common(13.5%)of ACHD had anemia 17.4% of CCHD had polycythemia.21.2% had decreased red cell indices indicating microcytic hypochromic and 36.5% had increased RDW with p value 0.000 indicating nutritional anemia. According to Peripheral smear,15.3% had microcytic hypochromic anemia. CONCLUSION: Congenital heart defect (CHD) is the most common congenital malformation among all birth defects leading to morbidity and mortality among children. Anemia is rampant among children with CHD with a significant impact on the intervention and the outcome of intervention.

Keywords

Congenital Heart Defect, Anemia, Cyanotic congenital heart disease, Acyanotic congenital heart disease.

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