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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44533

EVALUATION OF ORAL HEALTH AND SALIVARY STATUS IN JUVENILE DIABETIC CHILDREN”

Chhaya Patel, Nandita Sanghani, Nirav Patel, Prachi Patel, Shimoli Shah, Foram Patel

Abstract

Background: Diabetes causes a slew of issues for children throughout their life. Children with poor glycaemic control had a greater prevalence of caries and gingivitis, as well as a decrease in salivary flow. So an in vivo study was carried out to correlate oral health, dental caries and salivary microbial status of 5 to 15 years old children with Type I Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). Materials and Methods: A total of 60 children: Group A (30 known diabetic children) and Group B (30 healthy children) in age group of 5 to 15 years were included. Oral health was assessed by using Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHIS) and dental caries was assessed using DMFT and deft index. The salivary microbial examination was done by evaluating streptococcus mutans (SM) and lactobacillus count (LB). Results: The mean OHIS value (0.73± 0.35) in well-to-moderately controlled diabetic children was lower than the poorly controlled TIDM (1.21 ± 0.33) children which was statistically significant. Comparison of the caries experience showed that the children with T1DM had higher caries as compared to their matched non-diabetic controls. Salivary parameters showed higher streptococcus mutans in Group AI (2.84 ± 1.13) as compared to Group AII (2.02 ± 1.06) which was statistically significant (p=0.006). Conclusion: Poorly controlled diabetics had poor oral hygiene, increased caries rate and salivary microbial count of SM and LB as compared to well-to-moderately controlled diabetics

Keywords

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Children, OHIS, DMFT, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus counts

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