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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44481

Comparative in Vitro Antioxidant Efficiency and Physicochemical Study of Cocos Nucifera and Palmyra Palm Fruit Endosperm Tissues

P. Selvakumar, P. Satheesh kumar, Dhanusha Rema, C. Selvamurugan

Abstract

Antioxidant activity of the plant to indicate the therapeutic activity of the plants, physicochemical studies in helpful in shaping dependability and clarity of the medicine and also these values are significant quantitative standards. This research is to investigate the antioxidant activity, physicochemical studies and identification of new theraputetic compounds in cocos nucifera endosperm and Palmyra fruit endosperm ethanolic solvents extracts. Antioxidant efficiency of proportion radical scavenging efficiency of the test sample calculates by using DPPH technique. Physico-chemical property of ethanol extracts of cocos nucifera endosperm and Palmyra fruit endosperm were determined by following WHO standards procedure and values are recorded. Identification of the new compounds by using TLC/HPTLC method. Antioxidant activity of the two test samples, cocos nucifera endosperm extracts shows more antioxidant activity than Palmyra fruit endosperm ethanolic extracts of DPPH radical scavenging activity. The present examination exposes standardization which contains acid insoluble ash, water soluble extractive value, total ash, and Moisture content of cocos nucifera endosperm and Palmyra fruit endosperm ethanolic solvent extracts. Total ash value is valuable in shaping dependability and purity of the medicine and also these values are significant quantitative standards. Total ash values of substance show the quantity of natural resources and earthy material present in the examination material. Diagnostic result shows the total ash higher values was 1.25%w/w in ethanol extract of cocos nucifera endosperm. Percent mass loss on drying or moisture substance of ethanol cocos nucifera endosperm and Palmyra fruit endosperm extracts is 11.52 and 7.72%. The smaller amount of moisture content could reduce fungal and bacterial improvement. Palmyra fruit endosperm ethanolic extracts values are associate cocos nucifera endosperm extracts. The high quantity of acid-insoluble siliceous substance in attendance in the extracts of cocos nucifera endosperm was 0.25% w/w. The extractive values water soluble indicates the occurrence of carbohydrate, inorganic and acids substance. The ethanolic cocos nucifera extract have high value of water soluble extractive values. Antioxidant activity of the two test samples, Cocos nucifera endosperm extract shows more antioxidant activity than palmyra fruit endosperm ethanolic extracts of DPPH radical scavenging activity. Identification of new compounds in Cocos nucifera endosperm tissues three major band observed between the Rf value of 0.35, 0.85 and 0.92. Palmyra fruit endosperm tissues two major band observed between the Rf value of 0.33 and 0.93 under TLC plate.

Keywords

Physiochemical analysis, Cocos nucifera endosperm, loss on drying, Palmyra fruit endosperm.

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