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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44402

EFFECTIVENESS OF MONOPOLY SIMULATION EDUCATION METHOD TO IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE, PROTEIN INTAKE, AND HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS OF PREGNANT WOMEN WITH ANEMIA

Radeny Ramdany, Norma, Sriyanti, Mustamir Kamarudin

Abstract

Background and Aim: Anemia is a problem that often occurs in adults, women of childbearing age, and especially pregnant women. The results showed that the diet of the third-trimester pregnant women (65%) was unhealthy. The results of other studies in Maros Regency found that 79.4% of pregnant women suffer from nutritional anemia with a protein intake below the RDA. In general, the population of Indonesia, especially pregnant women, consumes a source of iron derived from vegetable protein which has a low absorption compared to animal protein. One of the factors that cause anemia in pregnant women is the lack of knowledge about the importance of consuming protein during pregnancy. This study examines the effectiveness of monopoly simulation-based education in increasing knowledge, protein intake, and Hb levels of pregnant women with anemia in Klasaman Health Center, Sorong City. Methods: This research was conducted in 3 posyandu in the working area of Klasaman Health Center in November-December 2018. This type of research is a quasi-experiment with a PretestPosttest Control Group Design. The Independent variable is monopoly simulation-based education, and the dependent variable is knowledge, protein intake, and Hemoglobin level. The sample was 20 pregnant women suffering from anemia who were divided into experimental and control groups. The sampling technique is total sampling. Data collection was carried out by measuring Hemoglobin, pre-test and post-test questionnaire, and recall of protein intake—the bivariate statistical test using Mann-Whitney. Results: The results showed that monopoly simulation-based education increased knowledge, protein intake, and Hemoglobin levels of pregnant women who suffer from anemia, although the effectiveness test was not significant. Conclusion: It is recommended that health workers, to provide education to the community, should use various methods that vary to attract the community's interest so that the information conveyed can be well received. The researchers want to examine the effectiveness of the monopoly simulation method so that the number of samples used is more so that the results achieved can be maximized.

Keywords

Monopoly Simulation, Hemoglobin Levels, Anemia, Pregnant Women

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