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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44394

SHORT DENTAL IMPLANTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Dr Neelam Gavali, Dr Alaka Chandak, Dr Pramod Waghmare, Dr Yogesh Khadtare, Dr Nishita Bhosale, Dr Harshita Verma

Abstract

The advanced technologies have led to the increased use of implants even in the most critical cases. Short implants are considered to be a most frequent alternative to other surgical techniques where bone availability is less and reduced. This review outlines the effectiveness and clinical outcomes of using short implants as a valid treatment option in the rehabilitation of edentulous atrophic alveolar ridge. Recentlyshort implants are considered as a viable alternative in patients with reduced alveolar bone height to avoid more invasive surgical procedures. Short implants simplify the implant treatment, reduce patient morbidity, shorten the duration of treatment, and make the treatment less expensive. Studies have shown that short implants can have the same success rates when compared to long implants by decreasing the lateral forces to the prosthesis, eliminating cantilevers, increasing implant surface area and improving implant to abutment connection. Short implants can be considered as an effective treatment alternative in resorbed ridges. Short implants can be considered as a viable treatment option in atrophic ridge cases in order to avoid complex surgical procedures required to place long implants. With improvement in the implant surface geometry and surface texture, there is an increase in the bone implant contact area which provides a good primary stability during osseousintegration. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze the impact of the use of short implants on their survival and on peri-implant bone loss, evaluating the influence that length, diameter, and crown-to-implant ratio (C/I) have on these parameters. This systematic review was based on guidelines proposed by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). An electronic database search was conducted using terms related to the use of short implants in partially or totally edentulous patients. A total of two databases were consulted in the literature search: Scopus and PubMed. After eliminating the duplicate articles and assessing the ones which met the inclusion criteria,46 Papers were included for the qualitative analysis.

Keywords

Short implants, Atrophy, Success rate

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