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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44391

Monkeypox 22: A Review on the monkeypox disease general approaches, outbreaks, and detection

Shaik Mazhar Hussain,Syed Ghouse

Abstract

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, monkeypox has been found across most of the US, except for a few states. New York, California, Illinois, and Florida are the states with the most instances. In Copenhagen, Denmark, laboratory monkeys were initially affected by it in 1958, and it was then recognized as a unique disease. It is believed that several animal species serve as a natural reservoir for the virus. Two outbreaks of a disease resembling the pox in colonies of monkeys kept for study led to the discovery of monkeypox in 1958. Despite being called "monkeypox," the disease's origin is still a mystery. However, the virus may be carried by African rodents and non-human primates (such as monkeys) and infect humans. There were many general approaches for the diagnosis of these monkey pox viruses. So, in this paper, signs of monkey pox virus, an outbreak of monkey pox virus in different countries, risk factors of the monkey pox infection, and detection of the monkey pox virus using different approaches had been reviewed. This paper also analyzes the evolution of the monkey pox virus cases in the month and year of May 2022.

Keywords

Monkey pox virus, Detection, Outbreak of monkey pox virus, Risk factors, and Treatment

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