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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 7 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.7.NQ33349

Reproductive Health of Outmigrant’s Left-Behind Wives Residing in Indian Subcontinent – A Systematic Review Encompassing Mental Stress, Autonomy and Patriarchy

Fahad Afzal, Arindam Das, Qurratul Aein Ali


Male out-migration is a livelihood strategy for poor households in the Indian subcontinent with idiosyncrasy of leaving behind wives and exposing them to various vulnerabilities, such as psychological stress and added workload. The present review aims to analyze the overall impact of male out-migration and associated factors influencing reproductive health behavior of LBW (Left-Behind Wives) in a low socioeconomic environment. A systematic literature survey has been conducted on 3 databases by applying Boolean’s logic search. PRISMA approach was opted for selection of research articles. Fifty-one records were included and analyzed based on primary focus and theme. Result suggests that the majority of research have focused on reproductive health along with psychological wellbeing of LBW. The factors like psychological stress, remittance, patriarchal norms, family dynamics, mass media exposure were found to be determining factors. This review delivers cutting-edge knowledge on research done regarding health of LBW of migrants in Indian sub-continent. This paper also identifies the knowledge gaps on the various aspects of reproductive health such as reproductive health-seeking behaviour, family planning and prevalence of sexual morbidities. This will assist in directing the future research and policy-making on reproductive health of women in general and LBW specifically in low socioeconomic regions, such as Bihar.


Reproductive Health; Behaviour, Left Behind Wife; Migration; Women; India

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