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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 7 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.7.NQ33153

PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AMONG KIRKUK UNIVERSITY PERSONNEL'S

Dr. Mohammed Ali khalaf, Dr. Bilal Jamal Kamal,Dr. Assad Mubark .

Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity both can be defined as accumulation of excessive fat that can presents a risk to health. BMI used for the assessment of overweight and obesity, obese is considered when the BMI of 30 kg/m2 or more. BMI equal to or more than 25 kg/m2 is considered overweight. Worldwide, overweight and obesity both becoming a serious public health problem leading to serious consequences especially in the last years. There are more than 1 billion overweight adults globally, more than 300 million of whom are regarded as obese. Aim of the study: 1. To provide a current estimation about the prevalence of obesity among Kirkuk university personnel's. 2. To determine association of obesity with the patient's educational level, illnesses, physical activity and inactivity. 3. To assess the effect of drugs, alcohol, smoking and sex difference on body weight. Patients and methods: This study is cross-sectional study that has conducted in Kirkuk university. 313 employees (males and females) were randomly chosen and involved in this study. BMI (Body Mass Index) was calculated and compared to the standard tables. BMI was measured as: body weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters and regarding the height, it was measured using tape-measure and the weight was measured by scale. A questionnaire was used to collect information about possible risk factors. Result: The prevalence of: overweight, obesity morbid obesity were 39.94%, 14.70% and 3.19% respectively. There was significant association of overweight, obesity and morbid obesity with alcohol consumption, diseases, age and marital state. Conclusion: Among 313 employees that were interviewed almost 57% were overweight and obese. This was an alarming level and age played a significant role in it, abnormal BMI's increased with increasing age. Recommendation: 1. Energy intake from total fats and sugars should be limited. 2. Encouraging fruit and vegetables consumption. 3. Regular physical activity is paramount for a healthy BMI.

Keywords

prevalence, obesity, Kirkuk, university, personnel's

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