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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 8 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44008

Risk Factors for the Event of Pneumonia in Toddlers at Konawe Regency Hospital

Fajar Kurniawan, Anoluthfa, Juli Purnama Hamudi, Sulfi. A Yusuf, Rizka Mutmainnah, Julian Jingsung, Andriyani

Abstract

Pneumonia cases in Konawe Regency which were given treatment in 2017 reached 8.71% and pneumonia was the 3rd (three) position of the 10 (ten) biggest diseases in Konawe Regency, in 2018 it was known that the number of cases had increased and those handled had decreased by the amount is 8.0% and is in the position of 1 (one) out of 10 (ten) largest diseases. Data on pneumonia cases at the Konawe District Hospital is known that in 2018 there were 327 (31.68%) Pneumonia cases, of the total 1032 under-five visits and in 2019 an increase was 156 (13.87%) pneumonia cases from 1124 under-five and in 2020 pneumonia cases totaled 503 (40.49%) of 1242 toddlers, pneumonia cases in Konawe District Hospital. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors that cause pneumonia in children. This type of research is quantitative research, with a case control study design. Results of the study There was an association between children's medical history and the incidence of pneumonia and OR 9.50 or 9 times the risk, There was a relationship between environmental conditions and the incidence of pneumonia and OR 10.45 or 10 times the risk, There was a relationship between Clean and Healthy Life Behavior and the incidence of pneumonia and OR 9.82 or 9 times the risk, There is a relationship between health services and the incidence of pneumonia and OR 9.14 or 9 times the risk, There is a hereditary relationship with the incidence of pneumonia and OR 0.39 means that it is almost not at risk, There is a relationship between knowledge and the incidence of pneumonia and OR 20.06 or 20 times the risk, There is a relationship between attitude with the incidence of pneumonia with and OR 4.83 or 4 times the risk, There is a relationship between action with the incidence of pneumonia and OR 33.71 or 33 times the risk. The conclusion of this study is that the health history of toddlers has a risk of 9 (nine) times. Environmental conditions have a risk of 10 (ten) times, Clean and Healthy Life Behavior has a risk of 9 (nine) times. zero) fold, or almost no risk, Parents' Knowledge has a 20 (twenty) fold risk, Parents' Attitude has a 4 (four) fold risk, Parents' Actions have a 30 (thirty) fold risk, Incidence of Pneumonia , Parental attitude variable is the variable that has the strongest relationship with the incidence of pneumonia. Suggestion The Konawe Regency Government should prioritize more in solving health problems, especially pneumonia in order to narrow down its spread, as well as look for the source of the problem including the discipline of mining businesses in the Konawe Regency to continue to pay attention and prioritize the health of the surrounding community.

Keywords

Risk of Pneumonia, Toddlers, Hospital

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