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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 7 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.7.NQ33030

Benefits Of School-Based Yoga Intervention for Students with And Without ADHD -Current Findings and Future Implications

FNU Shanjuvigasini, Swarnakumari Pitchai, Bridget Hollis Staten, K. Aruna Devi*

Abstract

Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder impacting 1 in 5 children. It is typically characterized by high levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that are developmentally inappropriate and significantly affect the children's academic, social and behavioral domains, resulting in poor academic performance and impaired social skills. The behavioral issues of children with ADHD also impact the teaching-learning environment of the inclusion classrooms. Yoga is a mind-body practice and intervention that has been widely used in schools to combat academic and behavioral issues of students with and without ADHD. Objective: The present study aims to complete a systematic literature review about the Physical; Socio-emotional, psychological, behavioral, and cognitive/academic benefits of school-based yoga intervention for students with and without ADHD in the preschool to the high school level. Methodology: A systematic literature review about the benefits of school-based yoga intervention for students with and without ADHD in the preschool to the high school level was conducted by reviewing many peer-reviewed articles, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews, conducted from the year 2000 – 2022 to study the qualitative and quantitative outcomes and efficacy of school-based yoga intervention. Results & Conclusion: An outcome analysis of the benefits of various school-based yoga interventions are described, their qualitative and quantitative outcomes are described and compared. Though implications of these data-driven interventions are also discussed, many studies are exploratory and derive results based on anecdotal and self-report questionnaires, without much empirical evidence. Though this limits the scope of generalization of yoga benefits, there is still significant evidence and data supporting the benefits of yoga intervention, making it one of the most promising interventions for school students with and without ADHD.

Keywords

Yoga, Benefits, ADHD, School-Based yoga, Yoga Intervention, behavioral, academic, cognitive, physical, socio-emotional benefits, non-pharmacological interventions, inclusion, students, children.

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