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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 5 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.5.NQ22716

AWARENESS ON TRANSMISSION, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HIV/AIDS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN KANCHEEPURAM

Swetha N B, Shanker Jwalanth, Sujitha, Angeline Grace

Abstract

Background: - AIDS, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a fatal illness caused by a retrovirus known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which breaks down the body's immune system, leaving the victim vulnerable to a host of life-threatening opportunistic infection, neurological disorders, or unusual malignancies. It poses serious challenges not only to health professionals but professionals across all industries. Stigma reduction and increasing the awareness on transmission among younger generation will be a stepping stone in prevention of the disease. Aim: -This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and behaviour regarding HIV/AIDS among college students in an urban area of Kancheepuram. Methods: -A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 college students in an urban area of Kancheepuram from April 2019 – June 2019. A self-administered questionnaire was given and the results were tabulated and analysed.The data was entered in excel sheet and analysed using SPSS software. Ethical committee clearance has been obtained. Results: -Out of 200 students, 113 (56.5%) were females and 87 (43.5%) were males. Maximum students (87%) indicated they know about mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS. 98.5% of the students responded that blood transfusion can transmit HIV infection. Few misconceptions regarding the risk of spreading by drinking and eating in common utensils and by mosquito bites are still present. Only a small total of 17% of individuals agreed that there is no cure for HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: -It was observed that the knowledge of the college students was quite satisfactory for most of the variables like modes of transmission of the disease. Students need to be delivered knowledge on available treatment options for AIDS such as Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) and Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), although not completely curable but can improve the life span of infected individuals.

Keywords

Knowledge, attitude, Prevalence, stigma

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