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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 5 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.5.NQ22709

A Review of Hazard Management in Petroleum/Chemical facilities–Fires and Explosions

Hamoud Alenezi, Osamah Al-Qabandi


The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the hazards and risks associated with the Petroleum/Chemical sector to students, scholars, governments, and non-governmental organizations. The evaluation concentrated on fire and explosion as the most evident risks that frequently occur in these facilities. It is critical to any country's economic prosperity. A discussion of the different casual features of such threats at various Petroleum/Chemical sites is offered. The most typical cause factors are combustible materials, static electricity, and lightning strikes, among others. The impact of risk mitigation and management studies based on various approaches and techniques, such as qualitative, quantitative, and dynamic changes in risk assessment, is clearly highlighted. According to most research publications, tank farms are the most dangerous region in the plant for sparking fires.The secondary effects of fire and explosions, such as the domino effect and air pollution, are investigated. To summarize, all efforts must be coordinated in order to successfully manage risks and crises in Petroleum/Chemical facilities and prevent their recurrence in the future.


facilities; Fire and Explosion; analysis and assessment; tank farm

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