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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 5 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.5.NQ22708

Polycrystalline photovoltaic panels in Saudi Arabia: Development and challenges

Dr. Raed A. Shalwala

Abstract

Throughout the years, oil has always been the primary energy source that was most commonly used worldwide. However, with the skyrocketing cost of oil the world is facing nowadays, including the high rate of carbon emission and pollution, which is increasing day by day, Saudi Arabia and other developed countries started to aim for using renewable and sustainable energy and its sustainability by harvesting the solar energy for their nations. Solar energy is considered one of the essential energy sources on earth; there can never be life without solar energy. It is known that the solar radiation amount which reaches the earth is commensurate to how much life needs on earth, which we utilize a small portion of it. Unlike any other energy, solar energy can be viable, sustainable, cheaper, and environmentally friendly. The fact that Saudi Arabia lies within the sunbelt near the equator encouraged it to acquire photovoltaic technology. The fundamental objectives of the paper are to establish an understanding of the polycrystalline photovoltaic panels from multiple aspects, their development for the last two decades, and the challenges in the hope of providing support to other researchers future work. In addition, this work includes a significant number of references for further interpretation.

Keywords

Polysilicon, photovoltaic technology, silicon production, solar panels installation, solar challenges

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