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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 5 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2022.20.5.NQ22664

Exclusive Breastfeeding as an Effort to Prevent Stunting in Toddlers

Eny Setyowati, Mujahidatul Musfiroh, Ilham Arief, Samsuddin, Avid Leonardo Sari

Abstract

Stunting is a growth disorder in children; namely, the child's height is lower or shorter (dwarf) than the legal age. Stunting occurs when a newborn is malnourished, even in the womb. Stunting is a severe threat to the future human quality and the nation's competitiveness. One form of nutritional intervention efforts carried out for infants and toddlers to prevent stunting is exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and continued until the age of 2 years. Exclusive breastfeeding is expected to help children obtain proper nutrition and reduce the risk of stunting. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method in describing the research analysis. The survey results show that stunting is one of the most common problems in developing countries, including Indonesia, which is generally caused by a lack of nutrients, infectious diseases, the number of children under five in the family, socio-economic status, and education, etc. Exclusive breastfeeding from an early age has been proven to prevent or reduce the risk of stunting in toddlers because breast milk contains sufficient micro and macronutrients such as colostrum to provide immunity to infants. At the same time, lactose, iron, and other minerals are helpful for infant brain development.

Keywords

Exclusive Breastfeeding, Stunting, Toddler, Nutrition.

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