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Home > Archives > Volume 19, No 11 (2021) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2021.19.11.NQ21184

Comparison between different Dosimetric Tools based on Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT): A Phantom Study

Ahmed H. Waheeb, Zeinab Eltaher, Mohamed N. Yassin and Magdy M. Khalil

Abstract

This study examined the gamma passing rate (GPR) consistency during applying different kinds of gamma analyses and dosimeters to IMRT. Methods: Import treatment protocols for QA phantom irradiation have been recalculated. A gamma analysis was used for comparing the measured and calculated dose distribution of IMRT for different gamma criteria (2%/2mm, 3%/3mm, 4%/4mm, 3%/5mm, 3%/5mm). These criteria are evaluated when 5%, 10%, or 15% of the dose distribution is suppressed. Measured and calculated dose distribution was evaluated with gamma analysis to dose difference (DD) with DTA criteria (distance to agreement). IMRT QA plans to 25 patients from various sites were formed with the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system. Results: Results indicate different diverse hardware and software combinations show varied levels of agreement with expected analysis for the same pass-rate criterion. For a dosimetry audit of the IMRT technique, an EPID detector is superior to conventional methods comparable to Gafchromic EPT3 film and 2D array due to cost, time-consuming, and set up error to get result analysis. The gamma passing rate (GPR) average is increased by increasing the low-dose threshold for different dosimetric tools. For EPID, regardless of the gamma criterion employed, the %GP does not appear to be dependent on the low-dose threshold values (5%-15%) because it indicates that fulfilment the low-dose threshold to global normalization has little effect on patient-specific QA outcomes. Conclusions: It is concluded that GPRs differ depending on gamma, dosimetric tools, and the suppressing dose ratio. To get the best results of quality assurance, each institution should thus carefully develop its procedure for gamma analysis by defining the gamma index analysis and gamma criterion using its dosimetric tools.

Keywords

IMRT Verification, Gamma Analysis, Low Dose Threshold, Gafchromic Film Dosimetry, 2D Detector Array, Portal Dosimetry.

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