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Home > Archives > Volume 19, No 11 (2021) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2021.19.11.NQ21173

Hydrodynamics and Warmth Trade in Cycles of Cooling of an Attractive Plate in an Attractive Fluid in the Attractive Field

S.A.A. Alsaati, Qasim Shakir Kadhim, Maher Hassan Rashid and Tuqa Mohammed Jawad Abd UlKadhim

Abstract

The effect of the magnetic field on heat transfer processes of a magnetized steel plate cooled in a magnetic fluid is experimentally studied. Thermocouples were installed at six points on the surface of the plate along its length. The plots of temperature versus time are obtained in the absence of a magnetic field and in magnetic fields of different intensity. It is found that the intensity of heat exchange depends to a large extent on the magnitude of the magnetic field and on the location of points on the surface of the plate. In a magnetic field, cooling of the central part of the plate occurs with the same intensity as in the absence of a magnetic field and with a lower intensity in comparison with other points on the surface of the plate. Near the plate ends, the cooling rate of the surface is much greater in the magnetic field than in the absence of it. With increasing magnetic field strength, the cooling rate of points in the central part of the plate decreases and is less than in the absence of a magnetic field. The dependence of heat transfer on the magnitude of the magnetic field is explained by the distribution of the magnetic forces acting on the liquid surrounding the plate and the nature of the vapor-air cavities formed near its surface. Experiments on simulation of formation and the shape of vapor-air cavities in a liquid surrounding a magnetizing plate are described.

Keywords

Magnetic Fluid, Heat Transfer, Hydrodynamics, Steel Plate, Magnetic Field.

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