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Home > Archives > Volume 19, No 11 (2021) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2021.19.11.NQ21171

Calculate Effective Atomic Number, Mass and Cross-Section Attenuation Coefficients for Nonanoic Acid by Using Gamma-Ray Sources

Ali Adil Turki Aldalawi, Mohammed Yahya Hadi and Rawaa A. Hameed

Abstract

The effective atomic number (Z effective), total atomic cross-section (Π± Total) electron density (N effective) have been Measured depending on the mass attenuation coefficient (ΞΌ/ρ). By using Gamma-ray radiation (Ξ³), emitted from sources (57πΆπ‘œ, 133π΅π‘Ž, 22π‘π‘Ž, 137𝐢𝑠, 54𝑀𝑛, π‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ 60πΆπ‘œ) with energies from (0.122, 0.356, 0.511, 0.662, 0.84, 1.17, 1.275 π‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ 1.33𝑀𝑒𝑉) respectively. using the Sodium Iodide Scintillation Detectors NaI (Tl) at 662 keV and resolution about 8.2% have been measured the mass attenuation coefficients for the sample β€œNonanoic acid its common name Pelargonic acid” it’s chemical formula C9H18O2. The data from the mass attenuation coefficient were then employed to study Zeffective, Neffective, and Π±total of the sample. In the presence of gamma-ray energy, it was discovered that the effective atomic number and effective electron densities first drop and they tend to remain nearly constant. The experimental values obtained by Zeffective and Neffective were in excellent agreement with the theoretical values. The theoretical data that is accessible is obtained from XCom, which is available online. The study's findings aid in understanding how (ΞΌ/ρ) values change when Zeff and Neff values vary in the case of H, C, and O based biological molecules such as fatty acids.

Keywords

Sodium Iodide Scintillation Detectors, Effective Atomic Number, Total Atomic Cross Section, Effective Electron Density.

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