Home About Login Current Archives Announcements Editorial Board
Submit Now For Authors Call for Submissions Statistics Contact
Home > Archives > Volume 16, No 1 (2018) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.1.1163

Comparison of Distress Tolerance and Adjustment of Mothers of Intellectual Disability Children and Mothers of Normal Children in Yasouj City (Iran)

Seyed Soleiman Hosseininik, Farzad Amiri, Reza Mirzaei Rad


The purpose of the present study was to compare distress tolerance and adjustment of mothers of intellectual disability children and mothers of normal children. The sample included 94 mothers with intellectual disability children and 94 mothers with normal children. Bell adjustment inventory and Simmons and Gahir Distress Tolerance Questionnaire (DTS) were performed on subjects. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the subjects regarding the components of tolerance distress and adjustment components. It means that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities in components of distress tolerance variable (tolerance, absorption, evaluation, and adaptation) and components of adjustment variable (home adjustment, health adjustment, social adjustment, emotional adjustment, job adjustment) have a lower score.


Distress Tolerance, Adjustment, Mothers of Intellectual Disability Children, Mothers of Normal Children

Full Text



Ayalon A. Delicate balance. Coping with stressful situations in the family. Hakibbutz Hameuhad Publication, 1983:243-91.

Blacher J. Sequential changes of parental adjustment to the birth of a child with handicaps: Fact or artifact? Mental Retardation 1984;22(2):55-68.

Farzanekia H. Impact of retarded children on families in a non-western society (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 1985.

Friedrich WN, Friedrich WL. Psychosocial assets of parents of handicapped and nonhandicapped children. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 1981;85(5):551-53.

Goodley D, Tregaskis C. Storying disability and impairment: Retrospective accounts of disabled family life. Qualitative Health Research 2006;16(5):630-46.

Green SE. “We’re tired, not sadâ€: Benefits and burdens of mothering a child with a disability. Social Science & Medicine 2007;64(1):150-63.

Gupta RK, Kaur H. Stress among parents of children with intellectual disability. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal 2010;21(2):118-26.

Kandel I, Merrick J. Late termination of pregnancy. Professional dilemmas. The Scientific World Journal 2003;3:903-12.

Kandel I, Merrick J. The birth of a child with disability. Coping by parents and siblings. The Scientific World Journal 2003;3:741-50.

Kandel I, Merrick J. The child with a disability: parental acceptance, management and coping. The scientific world Journal 2007;7:1799-809.

Lifshitz H, Merrick J. Aging among persons with intellectual disability in Israel in relation to type of residence, age, and etiology. Research in Developmental Disabilities 2004;25(2):193-205.

Olney MF, Kim A. Beyond adjustment: Integration of cognitive disability into identity. Disability & Society 2001;16(4):563-83.

Pelchat D, Lefebvre H. A holistic intervention programme for families with a child with a disability. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2004;48(2):124-31.

Riper MV, Selder FE. Parental responses to the birth of a child with Down syndrome. Loss, Grief & Care: A Journal of Professional Practice 1989 24;3(3-4):59-76.

Schild. Parental attitude towards children:-A comparative study of parents of Normal children and parents of Mentally Retarded Children. Journal of Community Guidance and Research 1971;9:117-22.

Wolfensberger W, Kurtz RA. Management of the Family of the Mentally Retarded: A Book of Readings. Follett Educational Corporation. Corp, River Grove, IL, 1969; ED044876.