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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 17 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/NQ.2022.20.17.NQ88009

Physical Activity Among Perimenopausal Women: A Descriptive Study In South India

Ansu Shaji, Aneena Felix, Mohammed Sahad, Mrs Janet Miranda

Abstract

Background of study:- Menopause is a period around the end of a women's reproductive life. There are a lot of hormonal changes occurring during this time which triggers the ovaries or pituitary gland in the brain. It is commonly expressed in the form of physical symptoms or psychological changes. The physical activity level is minimal during menopause transition period and shows the reduction in daily expenditure in women and shift toward a more sedentary lifestyle during the transition period. Aim:-To identify the level of physical activity among Perimenopausal women. Method:- A quantitative survey approach was used for this study. Ethical clearance was obtained from institutional ethics committee, permission obtained from concerned authority and informed consent was taken from the study participants.The sample comprised of 97 perimenopause women, were selected by nonprobability purposive sampling technique. A standardized International physical activity questionnaire (short form) was used for data collection. The data was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Result:- Among the selected Perimenopausal women, majority of the women, 53.1% had low level of physical activity. 34.7% of perimenopausal women had moderate level of physical activity and only 12.2% of women had high level of physical activity. In terms of domains of the tool it showed that less women (12.3%) were involved in walking. The computed chi-square proved that there was no significant association with the level physical activity and demographic variable like age in years(x2=1.654, P= <.427), Area of work (x2=6.949, P=.326), occupation (x2=7.156, P=.307), Educational qualification (x2= 6.761, P= .563), Area of living (x2= 1.518, P=468), non-communicable (x2 = 9.009, P=.061) . Conclusion:-The study showedmajority of the perimenopausal women had low level of physical activity. Though they were working women the need of assessment implies more and more women need to be encouraged to participate in various forms of physical activities.

Keywords

Peimenopause, physical activity, menopause, sedentary lifestyle.

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