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Home > Archives > Volume 20, No 16 (2022) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/NQ.2022.20.16.NQ88005


Dr. Vikas Saxena


Shooters may perform better when they have access to professional psychological support (PPS), PT, or positive connections with both their teammates and coaches. The purpose of this research was to identify the factors that shooters deemed most important. There were eight top-tier marksmen that were questioned. Using qualitative methods, we were able to identify the following groups: the significance of PT; the connection between anxiety and competition; the significance of mental preparation; the significance of PPS; the significance of stress during training; the psychological effects of injuries; and the influence of coaches. These findings suggest that mental elements may be crucially important for national-level rifle shooting performance, and that the top rifle shooters had elevated levels of the four investigated mental components. To this end, we looked at claims that certain psychological theories have influenced the conduct and interpretation of studies. Ten publications satisfied the requirements to be included in the analysis. The overall quality of the research was mediocre, with a few notable outliers. There was a dedicated methods part in just three of the research. Only two of the 10 studies included interviews with school shooters. Four research employed secondary data sources including school, hospital, and/or psychological assessments, whereas the remaining studies exclusively used tertiary data. A lack of psychological theory-based analysis hindered the development of applicable research methods. The use of psychological theories to draw conclusions from empirical data was not covered in any of the studies. We need more thorough studies and a deeper theoretical grasp of the psychological processes that contribute to school shootings.


Teacher, shooting, Rifle shooter, Psychology,

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