Tatyana Petrovna Lifintseva http://www.hse.ru//users National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow Russian Federation
Tatyana Lifintseva – PhD, Doctor of Philosophy, full Professor. Graduated from Moscow State University Department of Philosophy in 1987. Author of two books: "Philosophy of Dialogue of Martin Buber" (1999) and "Philosophy and Theology of Paul Tillich" (2009) and series of articles. Sphere of interests: religious existentialism, philosophy of dialogue, theory of communication, comparativistics. Currently works in National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow.
The Buddhist Pill for Satre’s “Nausea”: Phenomenological and Hindu-Buddhist Treatments of Intentionality
Tatyana Petrovna Lifintseva
This paper deals with one of the most complicated issues in philosophy – the problem of intentionality of consciousness. The author seeks to answer the question of whether the intentionality of consciousness can be considered a universal anthropological characteristic. Two philosophical positions regarding intentionality are compared on the basis of Jean-Paul Sartre’s major works and the sacred texts of Hinduism and Buddhism. The author first identifies certain traits of Western metaphysics, which regards consciousness as something to be revealed and to be described as intentional, and second, takes up the approach Ancient Indian metaphysics’ that regards the “depriving” consciousness of its intentionality as having a soteriological purpose.