DOI: 10.14704/nq.2019.17.6.2392

Neural Recruitment in Subjective Time Perception in a Non-local Model and the Psychological Nature of Attention

Rajat Kumar Pradhan, Asima Tripathy

Abstract


We propose that attention is a purely psychological faculty without any corresponding neural centre, though it operates on neural assemblies for its functional aspects. An algebraic attention function is proposed to account for time perception removing the divergence of neural recruitment in the exponential attention function proposed earlier. The equation for subjective time is derived with the non-divergent recruitment. The inherently non-local nature of our model is discussed. The nonlocal nature of attention is discussed in view of recent experimental data indicating instantaneous correlations between spatially separated neural assemblies derived from the neural stem cells of the same individual as well as between human subjects.

Keywords


attention, time perception, neural recruitment, non-local communication, universal field of consciousness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aspect A, Grangier P, Roger G. Experimental Realization of EinsteinPodolsky-Rosen-Bohm Gedankenexperiment: A New Violation of Bell’s Inequalities. Phys Rev Lett 1982; 49: 91-94.

Aspect A, Dallibard J, Roger G. Experimental Test of Bell’s Inequalities Using Time-Varying Analyzers. Phys Rev Lett 1982; 49: 1804-1807.

Boyer RW. The place and Role of Consciousness in Human Psychoarchitecture, neuroQuantology 2011; 9(2): 299-312.

Cohen RA. Neural Mechanisms of Attention. In: The Neuropsychology of Attention. Springer, Boston, MA; pp. 211-264, 2014.

Corbetta M and Shulman GL. Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain. Nat Rev Neurosci 2002; 3: 201–215.

Coull JT and Nobre AC. Dissociating explicit timing from temporal expectation with fMRI. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 2008; 18(2): 137-44.

Coull JT, Vidal F, Nazarian B, Macar F. Functional anatomy of the attentional modulation of time estimation. Science 2004; 303(5663): 1506-1508.

Crottaz-Herbette S and Menon V. Where and when the anterior cingulate cortex modulates attentional response: combined fMRI and ERP evidence. J Cogn Neurosci 2006; 18: 766–780.

Einstein A, Podolsky B, Rosen N. Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality be Considered Complete?. Physical Review 1935; 47: 777-780.

Fan J and Posner M. Human attentional networks. Psychiatr Prax 2004; 31(Suppl 2): 210–214.

Fan J, Byrne J, Worden MS, Guise KG, McCandliss BD, Fossella J, Posner MI. The relation of brain oscillations to attentional networks. Journal of Neuroscience. 2007; 27(23): 6197-6206.

Feldman J. The Neural Binding Problem(s). Cogn Neurodyn 2013; 7: 1-11.

Fingelkurts AA, Fingelkurts AA, Neves CFH, Kallio-Tamminen T. Brain-mind operational architectonics: At the boundary between quantum physics and Eastern metaphysics. Physics of Life Reviews, 2019.

Gao S. Some Thoughts on Quantum Nonlocality and Its Apparent Incompatibility with Relativity. In Quantum Nonlocality and Reality 50 years of Bell’s TheoremEds. Gao S. and Bell M., Cambridge University Press 2016; pp. 281-294.

Grau C, Ginhoux R, Riera A, Nguyen TL, Chauvat H, Berg M, Amengual JL, Pascual-Leone A, Ruffini G. Conscious brain-to-brain communication in humans using non-invasive technologies. PLoS One 2014; 9(8): e105225.

Griffin IC, Miniussi C and Nobre A. Multiple mechanisms of selective attention: differential modulation of stimulus processing by attention to space or time. Neuropsychologia 2002; 40: 2325–2340.

Grinberg-Zylberbaum G, Delaflor M, Attie L and Goswami A. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in the brain: the transferred potential. Physics Essays 1994; 7: 422-428.

Hormuzdi SG, Filippov MA, Mitropoulou G, Monyer H, Bruzzone R. Electrical synapses: a dynamic signaling system that shapes the activity of neuronal networks. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Biomembranes 1662, 2004; 1–2: 113-137.

Jiang L, Stocco A, Losey DM, Abernethy JA, Prat CS, Rao RP. BrainNet: a multi-person brain-to-brain interface for direct collaboration between brains. Scientific reports 2019; 9(1): 6115.

Josephson BD, Pallikari-Viras F. Biological utilization of quantum nonlocality. Foundations of Physics 1991; 21(2): 197-207.

Kida T and Kakigi R. Neural mechanisms of attention involved in perception and action: From neuronal activity to network. J Phys Fitness Sports Med 2015; 4(2): 161-169.

Mangun GR. Neural Mechanisms of Attention, Ch. 10 in The Cognitive Electrophysiology of Mind and Brain 2003; pp. 247-258.

Manolea A. Brain to brain connectivity during Distal Psycho-informational Influence sessions, between spatially and sensory isolated subjects. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2015; 187: 250-255.

Mould RA. A Solution to the Neural Binding Problem. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 2016; 6: 113-117.

Persinger MA, Koren SA, Tsang EW. Enhanced power within a specific band of theta activity in one person while another receives circumcerebral pulsed magnetic fields: a mechanism for cognitive influence at a distance?. Percept Mot Skills 2003; 97(3 Pt 1): 977-994.

Petersen SE and Posner MI. The attention system of the human brain: 20 years after. Annu Rev Neurosci 2012; 35: 73-89.

Pizzi R, Fantasia A, Gelain F, Rossetti D, Vescovi A, Nonlocal correlations between separated neural networks. Quantum Information and Computation II. ed. E. Donkor, A.R. Pirick, H.E. Brandt. Proceedings of SPIE. 2004; 5436: 107-117.

Posner MI and Petersen SE. The attention system of the human brain. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 1990; 13: 25-42.

Pradhan RK. An explanation of psychophysical interactions in the quantum double-slit experiment. Physics Essays 2015; 28(3): 324-330.

Pradhan RK. Minimal neural recruitment from Stevens coding and Fechner decoding in the brain. NeuroQuantology 2016; 15(1): 86-91.

Pradhan RK. The problem of conscious observation in relativistic description. NeuroQuantology 2014; 12(4): 417-423

Pradhan RK and Tripathy A. Neural recruitment, information processing and the equation for subjective time. NeuroQuantology 2018a; 16(10): 82-86.

Pradhan RK and Tripathy A. Subjective time in Neuropsychology vis-à-vis the objective time of Physics. NeuroQuantology 2018b; 16(11): 1-11.

Pradhan RK. Psychophysical Interpretation of Quantum Theory. NeuroQuantology 2012; 10(4): 629-645.

Pradhan RK. Subject-Object Duality and the States of Consciousness: A Quantum Approach. NeuroQuantology 2010; 8(3): 262-278.

Rao RP, Stocco A, Bryan M, Sarma D, Youngquist TM, Wu J, Prat CS. A direct brain-to-brain interface in humans. PloS one. 2014; 9(11): e111332.

Reynolds JH and Desimone R. The Role of Neural Mechanisms Review of Attention in Solving the Binding Problem. Neuron 1999; 24: 19–29.

Richards TL Standish LJ Kozak L, Johnson C. Replicable functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence of correlated brain signals between physically and sensory isolated subjects. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2005; 11(6): 955-963.

Sakkalis V. Review of Advanced Techniques for the estimation of Brain Connectivity measured with EEG/MEG. Comput Biol Med 2011; 41(12): 1110–1117.

Standish L, Johnson L, Kozak L, Richards T. Electroencephalographic evidence of correlated event-related signals between the brains of spatially and sensorily isolated human subjects. J Alter Compl Med 2004; 10: 307-314.

Thaheld F. An interdisciplinary approach to certain fundamental issues in the fields of Physics and Biology: towards a Unified Theory. Biosystems 2005; 80: 41-56.

Thaheld FH. Quantum Nonlocality: Does Nature also perform the trick via a biological route? NeuroQuantology 2010; 8(2): 164-167.

Thaheld FH. Biological nonlocality and the mind-brain interaction problem: comments on a new empirical approach. BioSystems 2003; 70: 35-41.

Tittel W, Brendel J, Gisin N, Zbinden H. Long-distance Bell-type tests using energy-time entangled photons. Phys Rev A 1999; 59: 4150-4163.

von Neumann J. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Princeton Univ. Press, 1955.

Wackermann J, Seiter C, Keibel H, Walach H. Correlations between brain electrical activities of two spatially separated human subjects. Neurosci Lett 2003; 336: 60-64.

Wang X, Girshick RB, Gupta A, He K. Non-local Neural Networks. IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2018; pp. 7794-7803.

Weiss BL. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives. Fireside, Simon and Schuster Inc. New York (pp. 1378-1386) 1988.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019